Center for Inklusion og Velfærd

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Center for Inclusion and Welfare (CIW)

Center for Inclusion and Welfare is a social scientific research center founded broadly in sociological and social work research. The research focus of the center is the challenges and transformations of welfare and inclusion in terms of new moral and structural foundations, new pressures from migration, globalization and demographic change and changing practices and sectoral divides.

The Danish welfare society is, as many other western states, going through a number of different transformations. These transformations reconfigure the funding, administration and organization of welfare, but also include transformations of the moral and political foundations of the welfare state as well as the division between state, market and civil society. Among the many drives of these changes are the increasing globalized economy, increasing risk, uncertainty and economic inequality, the ongoing political transformations of neoliberalism, nationalism and populism, and the demographic pressures of migration, ageing and diversity. Parallel to these structural, political and moral transformations, new social identities and relations of inclusion and exclusion emerge both because of these transformative processes and because of practice and policy responses to them.

CIW is committed to investigate these transformative processes and the resulting changes to the Danish welfare society, in social work practices and among minorities, citizens and benefit/service recipients from a broad variety of perspectives. Researchers in CIW employ qualitative methods, quantitative methods, mixed methods and comparative methodology. Furthermore, CIW seeks to found empirical investigations in - and contribute to - contemporary social theory and theorizing on the ongoing transformations of western welfare states.

CIW welcomes research broadly within this field, but focus particularly on:

  1. The challenged and changing cultural foundations of welfare, in terms of moral justifications and notions inclusiveness, solidarity, social justice, deservingness and institutional legitimacy among front-line practitioners, benefit and service recipients and among the large public of social citizens. The changing zones of moral conflict and consensus underpin processes of inclusion and exclusion and the underlying grammar of social identities characteristic to the welfare society. The moral boundary work of welfare and inclusion involves both the contested areas of the welfare state and the larger issues of justice, need, responsibility and entitlement which plays out in the boundary zones of politics and the public, recipients, professionals, and institutions as well as across the divides of social classes, minorities, demography and geography.
  2. The reconfiguration of practices and divisions of labour in social work practices and welfare responsibilities. These reconfigurations include the development of hybrid practices and modes of organization between state, market, and civil society and across the boundaries of nation states and professions. Around the boundaries of such collaborations emerge zones of indistinction where the moral and legal juristiction of the welfare state becomes blurred or curtailed, making boundary spanning social work ever more important.
  3. The emergence of new types of social problems, target groups and systems of classification and intervention under the pressures of migration, globalization and demographic change such as the legal and social differentiation refugees and migrants and the displacement of social problems between the institutional and legal jurisdiction of social policy, labour market policy, housing policy, and immigration policy.
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