A General Constant Power Generation Algorithm for Photovoltaic Systems

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikel

  • Hossein Dehghani Tafti
  • Ali Iftekhar Maswood
  • Georgios Konstantinou
  • Josep Pou
  • Frede Blaabjerg

Abstract

Photovoltaic power plants (PVPPs) typically operate by tracking the maximum power point in order to maximize conversion efficiency. However, with the continuous increase of installed grid-connected PVPPs, power system operators have been experiencing new challenges, like overloading, overvoltages and operation during grid voltage disturbances. Consequently, constant power generation (CPG) is imposed by grid codes. An algorithm for the calculation of the photovoltaic panel voltage reference, which generates a constant power from the PVPP, is introduced in this paper. The key novelty of the proposed algorithm is its applicability for both single- and two-stage PVPPs and flexibility to move the operation point to the right- or left-side of the maximum power point. Furthermore, the execution frequency of the algorithm and voltage increments between consecutive operating points are modified based on a hysteresis band controller in order to obtain fast dynamic response under transients and low power oscillation during steady-state operation. The performance of the proposed algorithm for both single- and two-stage PVPPs is examined on a 50-kVA simulation setup of these topologies. Moreover, experimental results on a 1-kVA PV system validate the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm under various operating conditions, demonstrating functionalities of the proposed CPG algorithm.
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Detaljer

Photovoltaic power plants (PVPPs) typically operate by tracking the maximum power point in order to maximize conversion efficiency. However, with the continuous increase of installed grid-connected PVPPs, power system operators have been experiencing new challenges, like overloading, overvoltages and operation during grid voltage disturbances. Consequently, constant power generation (CPG) is imposed by grid codes. An algorithm for the calculation of the photovoltaic panel voltage reference, which generates a constant power from the PVPP, is introduced in this paper. The key novelty of the proposed algorithm is its applicability for both single- and two-stage PVPPs and flexibility to move the operation point to the right- or left-side of the maximum power point. Furthermore, the execution frequency of the algorithm and voltage increments between consecutive operating points are modified based on a hysteresis band controller in order to obtain fast dynamic response under transients and low power oscillation during steady-state operation. The performance of the proposed algorithm for both single- and two-stage PVPPs is examined on a 50-kVA simulation setup of these topologies. Moreover, experimental results on a 1-kVA PV system validate the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm under various operating conditions, demonstrating functionalities of the proposed CPG algorithm.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftIEEE Transactions on Power Electronics
Volume/Bind33
Tidsskriftsnummer5
Sider (fra-til)4088-4101
Antal sider14
ISSN0885-8993
DOI
StatusUdgivet - maj 2018
PublikationsartForskning
Peer reviewJa
ID: 261080069