Analysis and Modeling of Interharmonics from Grid-Connected Photovoltaic Systems

Publikation: Forskning - peer reviewTidsskriftartikel

Abstrakt

The industry of solar Photovoltaic (PV) energy and its exploitation are still booming to enhance the sustainability of the society. When PV systems are connected to the grid, challenging issues should be addressed. One of the challenges is related to interharmonics in PV systems, especially with a largescale adoption of PV systems. However, the origins of interharmonics remain unclear, although the impact of interhamonics has been reported in literature. Thus, this paper explores the generation mechanisms of interharmonics in PV systems and its characteristics. The exploration reveals that the perturbation from the Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) algorithm is one of the origins of interharmonics appearing in the grid current. Accordingly, the MPPT controller parameters such as the perturbation step-size and the sampling rate have an inevitable impact on the interharmonic characteristics. Furthermore, an approach to characterize the interharmonics in the grid current is proposed. With the proposed model, interharmonics can be predicted according to the designed controller parameters in terms of frequencies and amplitudes. Experimental tests are performed on a single-phase grid-connected PV system. The results are in a close agreement with the analysis, and thus validate the effectiveness of the proposed model.
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Detaljer

The industry of solar Photovoltaic (PV) energy and its exploitation are still booming to enhance the sustainability of the society. When PV systems are connected to the grid, challenging issues should be addressed. One of the challenges is related to interharmonics in PV systems, especially with a largescale adoption of PV systems. However, the origins of interharmonics remain unclear, although the impact of interhamonics has been reported in literature. Thus, this paper explores the generation mechanisms of interharmonics in PV systems and its characteristics. The exploration reveals that the perturbation from the Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) algorithm is one of the origins of interharmonics appearing in the grid current. Accordingly, the MPPT controller parameters such as the perturbation step-size and the sampling rate have an inevitable impact on the interharmonic characteristics. Furthermore, an approach to characterize the interharmonics in the grid current is proposed. With the proposed model, interharmonics can be predicted according to the designed controller parameters in terms of frequencies and amplitudes. Experimental tests are performed on a single-phase grid-connected PV system. The results are in a close agreement with the analysis, and thus validate the effectiveness of the proposed model.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftI E E E Transactions on Power Electronics
Sider (fra-til)1-12
Antal sider12
ISSN0885-8993
StatusAccepteret/In press - jan. 2018
PublikationsartForskning
Peer reviewJa

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