Characterization of Models for Time-Dependent Behavior of Soils
Publikation: Forskning - peer review › Tidsskriftartikel
Different classes of constitutive models have been developed to capture the time-dependent viscous phenomena ( creep, stress relaxation, and rate effects) observed in soils. Models based on empirical, rheological, and general stress-strain-time concepts have been studied. The first part is a review of the empirical relations, which apply only to problems of specific boundary conditions and frequently involve natural time alone. The second part deals with different rheological models used for describing the viscous effects in the field of solid mechanics. The rheological models are typically developed for metals and steel but are, to some extent, used to characterize time effects in geomaterials. The third part is a review of constitutive laws that describe not only viscous effects but also the inviscid ( rate-independent) behavior of soils, in principle, under any possible loading condition. Special attention is paid to elastoviscoplastic models that combine inviscid elastic and time-dependent plastic behavior. Various general elastoviscoplastic models can roughly be divided into two categories: Models based on the concept of overstress and models based on nonstationary flow surface theory. Although general in structure, both have shortcomings when used for modeling of soils.
|Tidsskrift||International Journal of Geomechanics|
- Soil properties, Time dependence, Sand, Clays, Constitutive models