Design of Quadratic D-stable Fuzzy Controller for DC Microgrids with Multiple CPLs

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Abstract

The DC microgrid (MG) system has several advantages over the AC one. Therefore, it recently became a preferred architecture in numerous industrial applications. Many loads in DC MGs are electronically regulated and they challenge the stability of the system due to their constant power load (CPL) behavior. This paper proposes a systematic and simple approach to design an improved state feedback controller for the power buffer that can stabilize the DC MGs with multiple CPLs. Based on the so-called sector nonlinearity approach, the nonlinear DC MG with several CPLs is exactly represented in a Takagi-Sugeno (TS) fuzzy model. Then, by employing the quadratic D-stability theory, the sufficient conditions to guarantee the stability and transient performance of the closed-loop system are obtained in terms of linear matrix inequalities (LMIs), such that the decay rate and oscillatory behavior of the closed-loop DC MG system are guaranteed to lie inside a pre-defined region. The LMI conditions can be numerically solved by utilizing the YALMIP toolbox in the MATLAB. Finally, to illustrate the merits and implementation validity of the proposed approach, some hardware-in-the-loop (HiL) real-time simulation (RTS) results on a DC MG, which feeds two CPLs, are presented.
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Detaljer

The DC microgrid (MG) system has several advantages over the AC one. Therefore, it recently became a preferred architecture in numerous industrial applications. Many loads in DC MGs are electronically regulated and they challenge the stability of the system due to their constant power load (CPL) behavior. This paper proposes a systematic and simple approach to design an improved state feedback controller for the power buffer that can stabilize the DC MGs with multiple CPLs. Based on the so-called sector nonlinearity approach, the nonlinear DC MG with several CPLs is exactly represented in a Takagi-Sugeno (TS) fuzzy model. Then, by employing the quadratic D-stability theory, the sufficient conditions to guarantee the stability and transient performance of the closed-loop system are obtained in terms of linear matrix inequalities (LMIs), such that the decay rate and oscillatory behavior of the closed-loop DC MG system are guaranteed to lie inside a pre-defined region. The LMI conditions can be numerically solved by utilizing the YALMIP toolbox in the MATLAB. Finally, to illustrate the merits and implementation validity of the proposed approach, some hardware-in-the-loop (HiL) real-time simulation (RTS) results on a DC MG, which feeds two CPLs, are presented.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftI E E E Transactions on Industrial Electronics
ISSN0278-0046
DOI
StatusAccepteret/In press - 2018
PublikationsartForskning
Peer reviewJa
ID: 283639855