Distributed Nonlinear Control with Event-Triggered Communication to Achieve Current-Sharing and Voltage Regulation in DC Microgrids

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Abstract

A distributed nonlinear controller is presented to achieve both accurate current-sharing and voltage regulation simultaneously in dc microgrids considering different line impedances’ effects among converters. Then, an improved event-triggered principle for the controller is introduced through combining the state-dependent tolerance with a nonnegative offset. In order to design the event-triggered principle and guarantee the global stability, a generalized dc microgrid model is proposed and proven to be positive definite, based on which Lyapunov-based approach is applied. Furthermore, considering the effects from constant power loads, the damping performance of proposed controller is further improved and compared with the traditional V-I droop controller. The proposed event-triggered-based communication strategy can considerably reduce the communication traffic and significantly relax the requirement for precise real-time information transmission, without sacrificing system performance. Experimental results obtained from a dc microgrid setup show the robustness of the new proposal under normal, communication failure, communication delay and plug-and-play operation conditions. Finally, communication traffic under different communication strategies are compared, showing a drastic traffic reduction when using the proposed approach.
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Detaljer

A distributed nonlinear controller is presented to achieve both accurate current-sharing and voltage regulation simultaneously in dc microgrids considering different line impedances’ effects among converters. Then, an improved event-triggered principle for the controller is introduced through combining the state-dependent tolerance with a nonnegative offset. In order to design the event-triggered principle and guarantee the global stability, a generalized dc microgrid model is proposed and proven to be positive definite, based on which Lyapunov-based approach is applied. Furthermore, considering the effects from constant power loads, the damping performance of proposed controller is further improved and compared with the traditional V-I droop controller. The proposed event-triggered-based communication strategy can considerably reduce the communication traffic and significantly relax the requirement for precise real-time information transmission, without sacrificing system performance. Experimental results obtained from a dc microgrid setup show the robustness of the new proposal under normal, communication failure, communication delay and plug-and-play operation conditions. Finally, communication traffic under different communication strategies are compared, showing a drastic traffic reduction when using the proposed approach.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftIEEE Transactions on Power Electronics
Volume/Bind33
Tidsskriftsnummer7
Sider (fra-til)6416 - 6433
Antal sider18
ISSN0885-8993
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jul. 2018
PublikationsartForskning
Peer reviewJa

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