Do asylum seekers country-shop? The effect of policies on asylum inflow into the EU15 countries

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Abstract

Neoclassical economic theory have claimed, since the early 1970, the existence of welfare tourism. Following the recent inflows of migrants, this idea has surfaced into the public debate in Europe, with many claiming that refugees and migrants ‘country shop’ and thus choose the country where they have the highest net return, especially in terms of access to generous benefits. However, empirical evidence supporting such a claim especially for asylum seekers is rather weak and mixed and other factors may play a role. The aim of the current study is to contribute to the literature by investigating the following research question: To which extent do policies influence inflow of humanitarian migrants? Other than existing studies, we first use more recent data on asylum seekers into European countries (from 2008-2015). Secondly, we construct more precise measures for policies using the MIPEX rather than relying on composite indexes. Finally, we estimate a gravity model of international migration flows accounting for potential endogeneity issues including multilateral resistance to asylum seekers inflows.
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Detaljer

Neoclassical economic theory have claimed, since the early 1970, the existence of welfare tourism. Following the recent inflows of migrants, this idea has surfaced into the public debate in Europe, with many claiming that refugees and migrants ‘country shop’ and thus choose the country where they have the highest net return, especially in terms of access to generous benefits. However, empirical evidence supporting such a claim especially for asylum seekers is rather weak and mixed and other factors may play a role. The aim of the current study is to contribute to the literature by investigating the following research question: To which extent do policies influence inflow of humanitarian migrants? Other than existing studies, we first use more recent data on asylum seekers into European countries (from 2008-2015). Secondly, we construct more precise measures for policies using the MIPEX rather than relying on composite indexes. Finally, we estimate a gravity model of international migration flows accounting for potential endogeneity issues including multilateral resistance to asylum seekers inflows.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftInternational Migration Review
ISSN0197-9183
StatusUnder udarbejdelse - 2019
PublikationsartForskning
Peer reviewJa
ID: 293140732