Heat transfer efficiency of Al2O3-MWCNT/thermal oil hybrid nanofluid as a cooling fluid in thermal and energy management applications: An experimental and theoretical investigation

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@article{33af0df53f684cca9c8b9aff04767fff,
title = "Heat transfer efficiency of Al2O3-MWCNT/thermal oil hybrid nanofluid as a cooling fluid in thermal and energy management applications: An experimental and theoretical investigation",
abstract = "The main objective of the present study is to assess the heat transfer efficiency of Al2O3-MWCNT/thermal oil hybrid nanofluid over different temperatures (25–50 °C) and solid concentrations (0.125{\%}–1.5{\%}). To this end, first of all, the stability of the nano-oil has been studied through the Zeta potential analysis. Then, the dynamic viscosity and thermal conductivity of the nanofluid have been experimentally investigated. It was found that the nanofluid showed Newtonian behavior over the studied range of temperatures and solid concentrations. The dynamic viscosity showed increasing trend as the solid concentration increased. It is found that the minimum increase in dynamic viscosity is at the temperature of 50 °C in all the studied solid concentrations except 0.5{\%} and 1{\%}. As for the thermal conductivity, it showed increasing trend as the temperature and solid concentration increased. The maximum enhancement was at the temperature of 50 °C and solid concentration 1.5{\%} by approximately 45{\%}. Based on the experimental data, two new highly precise correlations to predict the dynamic viscosity and thermal conductivity of the studied nanofluid have been proposed. Moreover, the heat transfer efficiency of the nanofluid has been evaluated based on different figures of merit. It is revealed that using this nanofluid instead of the base fluid can be beneficial in all the studied solid concentrations and temperatures for both the internal laminar and turbulent flow regimes except the solid concentrations of 1 and 1.5{\%} in internal turbulent flow regimes. The effect of adding nanoparticles on pumping power and convective heat transfer coefficient has also been theoretically investigated.",
keywords = "Experimental study, Heat transfer efficiency, Thermophysical properties, Convection heat transfer coefficient, MWCNT and Al2O3 nanoparticles",
author = "Amin Asadi and Meisam Asadi and Alireza Rezaniakolaei and Rosendahl, {Lasse Aistrup} and Masoud Afrand and Somchai Wongwises",
year = "2018",
month = "2",
doi = "10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2017.10.036",
language = "English",
volume = "117",
pages = "474--486",
journal = "International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer",
issn = "0017-9310",
publisher = "Pergamon Press",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Heat transfer efficiency of Al2O3-MWCNT/thermal oil hybrid nanofluid as a cooling fluid in thermal and energy management applications: An experimental and theoretical investigation

AU - Asadi,Amin

AU - Asadi,Meisam

AU - Rezaniakolaei,Alireza

AU - Rosendahl,Lasse Aistrup

AU - Afrand,Masoud

AU - Wongwises,Somchai

PY - 2018/2

Y1 - 2018/2

N2 - The main objective of the present study is to assess the heat transfer efficiency of Al2O3-MWCNT/thermal oil hybrid nanofluid over different temperatures (25–50 °C) and solid concentrations (0.125%–1.5%). To this end, first of all, the stability of the nano-oil has been studied through the Zeta potential analysis. Then, the dynamic viscosity and thermal conductivity of the nanofluid have been experimentally investigated. It was found that the nanofluid showed Newtonian behavior over the studied range of temperatures and solid concentrations. The dynamic viscosity showed increasing trend as the solid concentration increased. It is found that the minimum increase in dynamic viscosity is at the temperature of 50 °C in all the studied solid concentrations except 0.5% and 1%. As for the thermal conductivity, it showed increasing trend as the temperature and solid concentration increased. The maximum enhancement was at the temperature of 50 °C and solid concentration 1.5% by approximately 45%. Based on the experimental data, two new highly precise correlations to predict the dynamic viscosity and thermal conductivity of the studied nanofluid have been proposed. Moreover, the heat transfer efficiency of the nanofluid has been evaluated based on different figures of merit. It is revealed that using this nanofluid instead of the base fluid can be beneficial in all the studied solid concentrations and temperatures for both the internal laminar and turbulent flow regimes except the solid concentrations of 1 and 1.5% in internal turbulent flow regimes. The effect of adding nanoparticles on pumping power and convective heat transfer coefficient has also been theoretically investigated.

AB - The main objective of the present study is to assess the heat transfer efficiency of Al2O3-MWCNT/thermal oil hybrid nanofluid over different temperatures (25–50 °C) and solid concentrations (0.125%–1.5%). To this end, first of all, the stability of the nano-oil has been studied through the Zeta potential analysis. Then, the dynamic viscosity and thermal conductivity of the nanofluid have been experimentally investigated. It was found that the nanofluid showed Newtonian behavior over the studied range of temperatures and solid concentrations. The dynamic viscosity showed increasing trend as the solid concentration increased. It is found that the minimum increase in dynamic viscosity is at the temperature of 50 °C in all the studied solid concentrations except 0.5% and 1%. As for the thermal conductivity, it showed increasing trend as the temperature and solid concentration increased. The maximum enhancement was at the temperature of 50 °C and solid concentration 1.5% by approximately 45%. Based on the experimental data, two new highly precise correlations to predict the dynamic viscosity and thermal conductivity of the studied nanofluid have been proposed. Moreover, the heat transfer efficiency of the nanofluid has been evaluated based on different figures of merit. It is revealed that using this nanofluid instead of the base fluid can be beneficial in all the studied solid concentrations and temperatures for both the internal laminar and turbulent flow regimes except the solid concentrations of 1 and 1.5% in internal turbulent flow regimes. The effect of adding nanoparticles on pumping power and convective heat transfer coefficient has also been theoretically investigated.

KW - Experimental study

KW - Heat transfer efficiency

KW - Thermophysical properties

KW - Convection heat transfer coefficient

KW - MWCNT and Al2O3 nanoparticles

U2 - 10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2017.10.036

DO - 10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2017.10.036

M3 - Journal article

VL - 117

SP - 474

EP - 486

JO - International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer

T2 - International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer

JF - International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer

SN - 0017-9310

ER -

ID: 263656084