Measurement of Turbulence Modulation by Non-Spherical Particles
Publikation: Forskning › Konferenceartikel i proceeding
The change in the turbulence intensity of an air jet resulting from the addition of particles to the flow is measured using Laser Doppler Anemometry. Three distinct shapes are considered: the prolate spheroid, the disk and the sphere. Measurements of the carrier phase and particle phase velocities at the centerline of the jet are carried out for mass loadings of 0.5, 1, 1.6 and particle sizes 880μm, 1350μm, 1820μm for spherical particles. For each non-spherical shape only a single size and loading are considered. The turbulence modulation of the carrier phase is found to highly dependent on the turbulence length scale, the mass loading, and the particle size and less dependent on the particle Reynolds number and the Stokes number for the investigated range. The results are compared with existing criteria and an expression is suggested to predict the turbulence modulation given the particle size, the particle mass flow and the integral length scale of the flow. The expression developed on basis of spherical particles only is applied on the data for the non-spherical particles. The results suggest that non-spherical particles attenuate the carrier phase turbulence significantly more than spherical particles of similar size and concentration. The shape effect is more pronounced for disks than for prolate spheroids.
|Titel||Proceedings of the International Conference on Multiphase Flow, ICMF 2010|
|Udgiver||University of Florida|
|Konference||International Conference on Multiphase Flow, ICMF 2010|
|Periode||30/05/10 → 04/06/10|