Power Flow Analysis for Low-Voltage AC and DC Microgrids Considering Droop Control and Virtual Impedance

Publikation: Forskning - peer reviewTidsskriftartikel

Abstrakt

In the Low-Voltage (LV) AC microgrids (MGs), with a relatively high R/X ratio, virtual impedance is usually adopted to improve the performance of droop control applied to
Distributed Generators (DGs). At the same time, LV DC microgrid using virtual impedance as droop control is emerging without adequate power flow studies. In this paper, power flow analyses for both AC and DC microgrids are formulated and implemented. The mathematical models for both types of microgrids considering the concept of virtual impedance are used to be in conformity with the practical control of the distributed generators. As a result, calculation accuracy is improved for both AC and DC microgrid power flow analyses, comparing with previous methods without considering virtual impedance. Case studies are conducted to verify the proposed power flow analyses in terms of convergence and accuracy. Investigation of the impact to the system of internal control parameters adopted by distributed generators is also conducted by using proposed
method.
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Detaljer

In the Low-Voltage (LV) AC microgrids (MGs), with a relatively high R/X ratio, virtual impedance is usually adopted to improve the performance of droop control applied to
Distributed Generators (DGs). At the same time, LV DC microgrid using virtual impedance as droop control is emerging without adequate power flow studies. In this paper, power flow analyses for both AC and DC microgrids are formulated and implemented. The mathematical models for both types of microgrids considering the concept of virtual impedance are used to be in conformity with the practical control of the distributed generators. As a result, calculation accuracy is improved for both AC and DC microgrid power flow analyses, comparing with previous methods without considering virtual impedance. Case studies are conducted to verify the proposed power flow analyses in terms of convergence and accuracy. Investigation of the impact to the system of internal control parameters adopted by distributed generators is also conducted by using proposed
method.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftI E E E Transactions on Smart Grid
Antal sider1
ISSN1949-3053
DOI
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 2017

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