The effect of surfactant and sonication time on the stability and thermal conductivity of water-based nanofluid containing Mg(OH)2 nanoparticles: An experimental investigation

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  • Amin Asadi
  • Meisam Asadi
  • Marzieh Siahmargoi
  • Taghi Asadi
  • Majid Gholami Andarati

Abstract

The main objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of surfactant and sonication time on the stability and thermal conductivity of Mg (OH)2-water nanofluid over the different solid concentrations (0.1, 0.2, 0.4, 0.8, 1, 1.5, and 2%) and temperatures (25, 30, 35, 40, 45, 50 °C). The nanofluid has been prepared using two-step method and applying different sonication time (10, 30, 50, 80, and 160 min). Furthermore, three different surfactants (CTAB, SDS, Oleic Acid) have been added during the preparation process so as to investigate which surfactant shows better impact on the stability of the nanofluid. The results of Zeta potential analysis indicated that CTAB surfactant shows the best impact on the stability of the nanofluid applying 30-min sonication. Furthermore, it is found that the relative thermal conductivity of the studied nanofluid relatively increased as the solid concentration and temperature increased. The maximum increase in thermal conductivity took place at the solid concentration of 2% and temperature of 50 °C by approximately 28%. Moreover, in order to investigate the effect of sonication time of thermal properties of the nanofluid, the relative thermal conductivity of the nanofluid versus sonication time in different solid concentrations and at the temperature of 30 °C has been measured. The results indicated that the relative thermal conductivity showed decreasing trend as the sonication time increased in all the selected solid volume fractions.
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Detaljer

The main objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of surfactant and sonication time on the stability and thermal conductivity of Mg (OH)2-water nanofluid over the different solid concentrations (0.1, 0.2, 0.4, 0.8, 1, 1.5, and 2%) and temperatures (25, 30, 35, 40, 45, 50 °C). The nanofluid has been prepared using two-step method and applying different sonication time (10, 30, 50, 80, and 160 min). Furthermore, three different surfactants (CTAB, SDS, Oleic Acid) have been added during the preparation process so as to investigate which surfactant shows better impact on the stability of the nanofluid. The results of Zeta potential analysis indicated that CTAB surfactant shows the best impact on the stability of the nanofluid applying 30-min sonication. Furthermore, it is found that the relative thermal conductivity of the studied nanofluid relatively increased as the solid concentration and temperature increased. The maximum increase in thermal conductivity took place at the solid concentration of 2% and temperature of 50 °C by approximately 28%. Moreover, in order to investigate the effect of sonication time of thermal properties of the nanofluid, the relative thermal conductivity of the nanofluid versus sonication time in different solid concentrations and at the temperature of 30 °C has been measured. The results indicated that the relative thermal conductivity showed decreasing trend as the sonication time increased in all the selected solid volume fractions.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Volume/Bind108
TidsskriftsnummerPart A
Sider (fra-til)191-198
Antal sider8
ISSN0017-9310
StatusUdgivet - maj 2017
PublikationsartForskning
Peer reviewJa
Eksternt udgivetJa
ID: 256517910