What Makes Clusters Decline? A Study on Disruption and Evolution of a High-Tech Cluster in Denmark

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Abstract

Most studies on regional clusters focus on identifying factors and processes that make clusters grow. However, sometimes technologies and market conditions suddenly shift, and clusters decline. This paper analyses the process of decline of the wireless communication cluster in Denmark. The longitudinal study on the high-tech cluster reveals that technological lock-in and exit of key firms have contributed to decline. Entrepreneurship has a positive effect on the cluster’s adaptive capabilities, while multinational companies have contradicting effects by bringing in new resources to the cluster but being quick to withdraw in times of crisis.
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Detaljer

Most studies on regional clusters focus on identifying factors and processes that make clusters grow. However, sometimes technologies and market conditions suddenly shift, and clusters decline. This paper analyses the process of decline of the wireless communication cluster in Denmark. The longitudinal study on the high-tech cluster reveals that technological lock-in and exit of key firms have contributed to decline. Entrepreneurship has a positive effect on the cluster’s adaptive capabilities, while multinational companies have contradicting effects by bringing in new resources to the cluster but being quick to withdraw in times of crisis.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftRegional Studies
Volume/Bind49
Tidsskriftsnummer5
Sider (fra-til)834-849
Antal sider16
ISSN0034-3404
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1 maj 2015
PublikationsartForskning
Peer reviewJa

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