A Planar Switchable 3D-Coverage Phased Array Antenna and Its User Effects for 28 GHz Mobile Terminal Applications

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article

Abstract

This paper introduces a planar switchable 3D-coverage phased array for 28 GHz mobile terminal applications. In order to realize 3D-coverage beam scan with a simple planar array, chassis surface waves are efficiently excited and controlled by three identical slot subarrays. Three subarrays switch their beams to three distinct regions. Each subarray works as a phased array to steer the beam within each region. Large coverage efficiency is achieved (e.g., 80% of the space sphere has the realized gain of over 8 dBi). The proposed antenna covers a bandwidth of over 2 GHz in the band of 28 GHz. User effects on the switchable array are also studied in both data mode and talk mode (voice) at 28 GHz. In talk mode, good directivity and beam switching can be realized by placing the switchable array at the top of the chassis (close to the index finger). And the user shadowing can be significantly reduced by placing it at the bottom of the chassis (close to the palm). In data mode, the switchable array, mounted at the top, achieves less body loss and larger coverage than at the bottom. The proposed antenna is fabricated and measured. The array at the top in talk mode is measured with a real human. The measurements align well with simulations.
Close

Details

This paper introduces a planar switchable 3D-coverage phased array for 28 GHz mobile terminal applications. In order to realize 3D-coverage beam scan with a simple planar array, chassis surface waves are efficiently excited and controlled by three identical slot subarrays. Three subarrays switch their beams to three distinct regions. Each subarray works as a phased array to steer the beam within each region. Large coverage efficiency is achieved (e.g., 80% of the space sphere has the realized gain of over 8 dBi). The proposed antenna covers a bandwidth of over 2 GHz in the band of 28 GHz. User effects on the switchable array are also studied in both data mode and talk mode (voice) at 28 GHz. In talk mode, good directivity and beam switching can be realized by placing the switchable array at the top of the chassis (close to the index finger). And the user shadowing can be significantly reduced by placing it at the bottom of the chassis (close to the palm). In data mode, the switchable array, mounted at the top, achieves less body loss and larger coverage than at the bottom. The proposed antenna is fabricated and measured. The array at the top in talk mode is measured with a real human. The measurements align well with simulations.
Original languageEnglish
JournalI E E E Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
ISSN0018-926X
StateAccepted/In press - 5 Mar 2017
ID: 253057613