Development of net energy ratio for quad-generation pathways

Research output: Contribution to book/anthology/report/conference proceedingConference abstract in proceeding

Abstract

The conversion of biomass to four different outputs via gasification and catalytic methanation is a renewable technology that could reduce the use of fossil fuels and GHG emissions. This study investigates the energy aspects of producing electricity, heat, methanol and methane. The Gas Technology Institute (GTI) gasifier and Circulating Fluidized Bed (CFB) technologies are used for this quad generation process. Three different biomass feedstocks are considered in this study. The net energy ratio for six different pathways having the range of between 1.3–9.3. The lowest limit corresponds to the straw-based power, heat, methanol and methane production pathway using GTI technology. Since more efficient alternatives exist for the generation of heat and electricity from biomass, it is argued that syngas is best used for methanol production. The aim of this study was to evaluate the energy performance of the production and use of biomass for different outputs based on demand. Finally, we conduct sensitivity analysis for expected technological improvements and factors that could increase the energy performance.
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The conversion of biomass to four different outputs via gasification and catalytic methanation is a renewable technology that could reduce the use of fossil fuels and GHG emissions. This study investigates the energy aspects of producing electricity, heat, methanol and methane. The Gas Technology Institute (GTI) gasifier and Circulating Fluidized Bed (CFB) technologies are used for this quad generation process. Three different biomass feedstocks are considered in this study. The net energy ratio for six different pathways having the range of between 1.3–9.3. The lowest limit corresponds to the straw-based power, heat, methanol and methane production pathway using GTI technology. Since more efficient alternatives exist for the generation of heat and electricity from biomass, it is argued that syngas is best used for methanol production. The aim of this study was to evaluate the energy performance of the production and use of biomass for different outputs based on demand. Finally, we conduct sensitivity analysis for expected technological improvements and factors that could increase the energy performance.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2nd Alberta Graduate Conference
PublisherUniversity of Alberta Press
Publication date3 May 2012
StatePublished - 3 May 2012
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes
EventThe 2nd Alberta Graduate Conference -
Duration: 3 May 20125 May 2012

Conference

ConferenceThe 2nd Alberta Graduate Conference
Periode03/05/201205/05/2012

    Research areas

  • Net energy ratio, Quad-generation, Feedstocks, Syngas,
ID: 72507297