Hydrothermal liquefaction of biomass

Research output: Contribution to book/anthology/report/conference proceedingBook chapter

Standard

Hydrothermal liquefaction of biomass. / Toor, Saqib; Rosendahl, Lasse; Hoffmann, Jessica; Pedersen, Thomas Helmer; Nielsen, Rudi P.; Søgaard, Erik Gydesen.

Application of hydrothermal reactions to biomass conversion. ed. / Fangming Jin. Springer Publishing Company, 2014. p. 189-217.

Research output: Contribution to book/anthology/report/conference proceedingBook chapter

Harvard

Toor, S, Rosendahl, L, Hoffmann, J, Pedersen, TH, Nielsen, RP & Søgaard, EG 2014, Hydrothermal liquefaction of biomass. in F Jin (ed.), Application of hydrothermal reactions to biomass conversion. Springer Publishing Company, Green Chemistry and Sustainable Technology, pp. 189-217. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-54458-3_9

APA

Toor, S., Rosendahl, L., Hoffmann, J., Pedersen, T. H., Nielsen, R. P., & Søgaard, E. G. (2014). Hydrothermal liquefaction of biomass. In F. Jin (Ed.), Application of hydrothermal reactions to biomass conversion (pp. 189-217). Springer Publishing Company. Green Chemistry and Sustainable Technology, DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-54458-3_9

CBE

Toor S, Rosendahl L, Hoffmann J, Pedersen TH, Nielsen RP, Søgaard EG. 2014. Hydrothermal liquefaction of biomass. Jin F, editor. In Application of hydrothermal reactions to biomass conversion. Springer Publishing Company. pp. 189-217. (Green Chemistry and Sustainable Technology). Available from: 10.1007/978-3-642-54458-3_9

MLA

Toor, Saqib et al. "Hydrothermal liquefaction of biomass". Jin, Fangming (editors). Application of hydrothermal reactions to biomass conversion. Chapter 9, Springer Publishing Company. (Green Chemistry and Sustainable Technology). 2014. 189-217. Available: 10.1007/978-3-642-54458-3_9

Vancouver

Toor S, Rosendahl L, Hoffmann J, Pedersen TH, Nielsen RP, Søgaard EG. Hydrothermal liquefaction of biomass. In Jin F, editor, Application of hydrothermal reactions to biomass conversion. Springer Publishing Company. 2014. p. 189-217. (Green Chemistry and Sustainable Technology). Available from, DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-54458-3_9

Author

Toor, Saqib ; Rosendahl, Lasse ; Hoffmann, Jessica ; Pedersen, Thomas Helmer ; Nielsen, Rudi P. ; Søgaard, Erik Gydesen. / Hydrothermal liquefaction of biomass. Application of hydrothermal reactions to biomass conversion. editor / Fangming Jin. Springer Publishing Company, 2014. pp. 189-217 (Green Chemistry and Sustainable Technology).

Bibtex

@inbook{397f88e200a242348b843ecd609e746a,
title = "Hydrothermal liquefaction of biomass",
abstract = "Biomass is one of the most abundant sources of renewable energy, and will be an important part of a more sustainable future energy system. In addition to direct combustion, there is growing attention on conversion of biomass into liquid en-ergy carriers. These conversion methods are divided into biochemical/biotechnical methods and thermochemical methods; such as direct combustion, pyrolysis, gasification, liquefaction etc. This chapter will focus on hydrothermal liquefaction, where high pressures and intermediate temperatures together with the presence of water are used to convert biomass into liquid biofuels, with the aim of describing the current status and development challenges of the technology. During the hydrothermal liquefaction process, the biomass macromolecules are first hydrolyzed and/or degraded into smaller molecules. Many of the produced molecules are unstable and reactive and can recombine into larger ones. During this process, a substantial part of the oxygen in the biomass is removed by dehy-dration or decarboxylation. The chemical properties of the product are mostly de-pendent of the biomass substrate composition. Biomass consists of various com-ponents such as carbohydrates; lignin, protein and fat, and each of them produce distinct groups of compounds when processed individually. When processed to-gether in different ratios, they will most likely cross-influence each other and thus the composition of the product. Processing conditions including temperature, pres-sure, residence time, catalyst, and type of solvent are important for the bio-oil yield and product quality.",
keywords = "Biomass, Liquefaction, Hydrothermal, Conversion, Bio oil",
author = "Saqib Toor and Lasse Rosendahl and Jessica Hoffmann and Pedersen, {Thomas Helmer} and Nielsen, {Rudi P.} and S\{o}gaard, {Erik Gydesen}",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1007/978-3-642-54458-3_9",
language = "English",
isbn = "978-3-642-54457-6",
pages = "189--217",
editor = "{ Jin}, Fangming",
booktitle = "Application of hydrothermal reactions to biomass conversion",
publisher = "Springer Publishing Company",
address = "United States",

}

RIS

TY - CHAP

T1 - Hydrothermal liquefaction of biomass

AU - Toor,Saqib

AU - Rosendahl,Lasse

AU - Hoffmann,Jessica

AU - Pedersen,Thomas Helmer

AU - Nielsen,Rudi P.

AU - Søgaard,Erik Gydesen

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Biomass is one of the most abundant sources of renewable energy, and will be an important part of a more sustainable future energy system. In addition to direct combustion, there is growing attention on conversion of biomass into liquid en-ergy carriers. These conversion methods are divided into biochemical/biotechnical methods and thermochemical methods; such as direct combustion, pyrolysis, gasification, liquefaction etc. This chapter will focus on hydrothermal liquefaction, where high pressures and intermediate temperatures together with the presence of water are used to convert biomass into liquid biofuels, with the aim of describing the current status and development challenges of the technology. During the hydrothermal liquefaction process, the biomass macromolecules are first hydrolyzed and/or degraded into smaller molecules. Many of the produced molecules are unstable and reactive and can recombine into larger ones. During this process, a substantial part of the oxygen in the biomass is removed by dehy-dration or decarboxylation. The chemical properties of the product are mostly de-pendent of the biomass substrate composition. Biomass consists of various com-ponents such as carbohydrates; lignin, protein and fat, and each of them produce distinct groups of compounds when processed individually. When processed to-gether in different ratios, they will most likely cross-influence each other and thus the composition of the product. Processing conditions including temperature, pres-sure, residence time, catalyst, and type of solvent are important for the bio-oil yield and product quality.

AB - Biomass is one of the most abundant sources of renewable energy, and will be an important part of a more sustainable future energy system. In addition to direct combustion, there is growing attention on conversion of biomass into liquid en-ergy carriers. These conversion methods are divided into biochemical/biotechnical methods and thermochemical methods; such as direct combustion, pyrolysis, gasification, liquefaction etc. This chapter will focus on hydrothermal liquefaction, where high pressures and intermediate temperatures together with the presence of water are used to convert biomass into liquid biofuels, with the aim of describing the current status and development challenges of the technology. During the hydrothermal liquefaction process, the biomass macromolecules are first hydrolyzed and/or degraded into smaller molecules. Many of the produced molecules are unstable and reactive and can recombine into larger ones. During this process, a substantial part of the oxygen in the biomass is removed by dehy-dration or decarboxylation. The chemical properties of the product are mostly de-pendent of the biomass substrate composition. Biomass consists of various com-ponents such as carbohydrates; lignin, protein and fat, and each of them produce distinct groups of compounds when processed individually. When processed to-gether in different ratios, they will most likely cross-influence each other and thus the composition of the product. Processing conditions including temperature, pres-sure, residence time, catalyst, and type of solvent are important for the bio-oil yield and product quality.

KW - Biomass

KW - Liquefaction

KW - Hydrothermal

KW - Conversion

KW - Bio oil

U2 - 10.1007/978-3-642-54458-3_9

DO - 10.1007/978-3-642-54458-3_9

M3 - Book chapter

SN - 978-3-642-54457-6

SP - 189

EP - 217

BT - Application of hydrothermal reactions to biomass conversion

PB - Springer Publishing Company

ER -

ID: 77468287