Hydrothermal liquefaction of biomass: A review of subcritical water technologies

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Hydrothermal liquefaction of biomass : A review of subcritical water technologies. / Toor, Saqib; Rosendahl, Lasse; Rudolf, Andreas .

In: Energy, Vol. 36, No. 5, 2011, p. 2328-2342.

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@article{8e4cbd3259924fbd8569364df7c23a76,
title = "Hydrothermal liquefaction of biomass: A review of subcritical water technologies",
abstract = "This article reviews the hydrothermal liquefaction of biomass with the aim of describing the current status of the technology. Hydrothermal liquefaction is a medium-temperature, high-pressure thermochemical process, which produces a liquid product, often called bio-oil or bi-crude. During the hydrothermal liquefaction process, the macromolecules of the biomass are first hydrolyzed and/or degraded into smaller molecules. Many of the produced molecules are unstable and reactive and can recombine into larger ones. During this process, a substantial part of the oxygen in the biomass is removed by dehydration or decarboxylation. The chemical properties of bio-oil are highly dependent of the biomass substrate composition. Biomass constitutes of various components such as protein; carbohydrates, lignin and fat, and each of them produce distinct spectra of compounds during hydrothermal liquefaction. In spite of the potential for hydrothermal production of renewable fuels, only a few hydrothermal technologies have so far gone beyond lab- or bench-scale.",
keywords = "Hydrothermal liquefaction, Biomass conversion, Bio-oil",
author = "Saqib Toor and Lasse Rosendahl and Andreas Rudolf",
year = "2011",
doi = "10.1016/j.energy.2011.03.013",
language = "English",
volume = "36",
pages = "2328--2342",
journal = "Energy",
issn = "0360-5442",
publisher = "Pergamon Press",
number = "5",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Hydrothermal liquefaction of biomass

T2 - Energy

AU - Toor,Saqib

AU - Rosendahl,Lasse

AU - Rudolf,Andreas

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - This article reviews the hydrothermal liquefaction of biomass with the aim of describing the current status of the technology. Hydrothermal liquefaction is a medium-temperature, high-pressure thermochemical process, which produces a liquid product, often called bio-oil or bi-crude. During the hydrothermal liquefaction process, the macromolecules of the biomass are first hydrolyzed and/or degraded into smaller molecules. Many of the produced molecules are unstable and reactive and can recombine into larger ones. During this process, a substantial part of the oxygen in the biomass is removed by dehydration or decarboxylation. The chemical properties of bio-oil are highly dependent of the biomass substrate composition. Biomass constitutes of various components such as protein; carbohydrates, lignin and fat, and each of them produce distinct spectra of compounds during hydrothermal liquefaction. In spite of the potential for hydrothermal production of renewable fuels, only a few hydrothermal technologies have so far gone beyond lab- or bench-scale.

AB - This article reviews the hydrothermal liquefaction of biomass with the aim of describing the current status of the technology. Hydrothermal liquefaction is a medium-temperature, high-pressure thermochemical process, which produces a liquid product, often called bio-oil or bi-crude. During the hydrothermal liquefaction process, the macromolecules of the biomass are first hydrolyzed and/or degraded into smaller molecules. Many of the produced molecules are unstable and reactive and can recombine into larger ones. During this process, a substantial part of the oxygen in the biomass is removed by dehydration or decarboxylation. The chemical properties of bio-oil are highly dependent of the biomass substrate composition. Biomass constitutes of various components such as protein; carbohydrates, lignin and fat, and each of them produce distinct spectra of compounds during hydrothermal liquefaction. In spite of the potential for hydrothermal production of renewable fuels, only a few hydrothermal technologies have so far gone beyond lab- or bench-scale.

KW - Hydrothermal liquefaction

KW - Biomass conversion

KW - Bio-oil

U2 - 10.1016/j.energy.2011.03.013

DO - 10.1016/j.energy.2011.03.013

M3 - Journal article

VL - 36

SP - 2328

EP - 2342

JO - Energy

JF - Energy

SN - 0360-5442

IS - 5

ER -

ID: 48418303