Towards Very Large Aperture Massive MIMO: a measurement based study

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Abstract

Massive MIMO is a new technique for wireless communications that claims to offer very high system throughput and energy efficiency in multi-user scenarios. The cost is to add a very large number of antennas at the base station. Theoretical research has probed these benefits, but very few measurements have showed the potential of Massive MIMO in practice. We investigate the properties of measured Massive MIMO channels in a large indoor venue. We describe a measurement campaign using 3 arrays having different shape and aperture, with 64 antennas and 8 users with 2 antennas each. We focus on the impact of the array aperture which is the main limiting factor in the degrees of freedom available in the multiple antenna channel. We find that performance is improved as the aperture increases, with an impact mostly visible in crowded scenarios where the users are closely spaced. We also test MIMO capability within a same user device with user proximity effect. We see a good channel resolvability with confirmation of the strong effect of the user hand grip. At last, we highlight that propagation conditions where line-of-sight is dominant can be favourable.
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Massive MIMO is a new technique for wireless communications that claims to offer very high system throughput and energy efficiency in multi-user scenarios. The cost is to add a very large number of antennas at the base station. Theoretical research has probed these benefits, but very few measurements have showed the potential of Massive MIMO in practice. We investigate the properties of measured Massive MIMO channels in a large indoor venue. We describe a measurement campaign using 3 arrays having different shape and aperture, with 64 antennas and 8 users with 2 antennas each. We focus on the impact of the array aperture which is the main limiting factor in the degrees of freedom available in the multiple antenna channel. We find that performance is improved as the aperture increases, with an impact mostly visible in crowded scenarios where the users are closely spaced. We also test MIMO capability within a same user device with user proximity effect. We see a good channel resolvability with confirmation of the strong effect of the user hand grip. At last, we highlight that propagation conditions where line-of-sight is dominant can be favourable.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIEEE GLOBECOM 2014 proceedings
PublisherIEEE
Publication date2014
Pages281-286
DOI
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Publication categoryResearch
Peer-reviewedYes
EventGlobecom 2014 - Austin, United States
Duration: 8 Dec 201412 Dec 2014

Conference

ConferenceGlobecom 2014
LandUnited States
ByAustin
Periode08/12/201412/12/2014
SeriesGLOBECOM - conference record / IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference
ISSN0895-1195

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