The research effort on management of systems development projects has to a large degree been empirical focusing on project managers’ perceptions of challenges and appropriate actions to take. The empirical studies have been directed at project managers’ competence and at learning and knowledge acquisition and diffusion inside systems development projects. The conclusions point at the discrepancies between appropriate competence and traditional project management techniques. The conclusions also point at why the conditions for learning in systems development project needs to be enhanced and how that can be achieved. Theoretical contributions are also found in research on linking these empirical findings to theory of organisational learning and on defining a project vocabulary.