Aktiviteter pr. år
Southeast Asian societies are drastically transforming since the 1997 crisis. They are transforming in ways in which the prospects for social change are intrinsically linked to the imperatives of the global political economy. In particular, the global political-economic crises of 1997, September 11, and 2008 have ramifications for the process of state restructuring and the prospects for social change in Southeast Asia. This dynamic linkages between crisis, state restructuring, and social change is bewilderingly complex that established and mainstream approaches in politics and economics cannot comprehend. So it is time to provide an alternative to that of the mainstream, influenced by neo-classical economics and the neo-liberal ideology, and examine this “crisis-state restructuring-social change” synergy in critical and interdisciplinary perspectives that combine the concepts and tools of critical political economy and evolutionary development economics.
The empirical observation that a social crisis is either dysfunctional or functional to the existing order is the starting point of the research set out here. Three major (global) crises have been experienced in recent years that have immensely impacted on the global political economy of development: the 1997 Asian crisis, the September 11 terror attacks, and the 2008 global economic crisis. These crises have given rise to distinct political-economic responses from state to state. States in Southeast Asia responded to these crises in varying political-economic strategies depending on their respective social relations. It is this distinctive question of state restructuring—understood against the background of global crises and the prospects for social change—that demands explanation and is the principal object of enquiry in this research.
“How have the crises of 1997, 9/11, and 2008 impacted on state restructuring in Malaysia and the Philippines?
Why have they transformed in such ways in response to the crises?
And how do these transformations fare on the processes of democratisation and development in the respective states?”
The research intends to assess the omission in mainstream accounts, and analytically, hopes to open up three important areas of enquiry about recent political-economic transformation and social change in Southeast Asia:
· the extent to which the crises of 1997, 9/11, and 2008 impact on state restructuring, with specific reference to Malaysia and the Philippines;
· the process of state restructuring, with particular emphasis on the ideology and/or interests of social forces; and
· the prospects for social change, viz., the longer-term political-economic implications of regime transformation for social formations and social struggle.
To this end, the research combines the concepts and tools from ‘critical political economy’ and ‘evolutionary development economics’ to produce a distinctive approach in understanding the constitutive role of crisis (global) in state restructuring (state) and its longer-term political-economic impact (social change). To assess this ‘global-state-social change’ synergy and dynamics, the research examines the linkages between three key processes.
· First, the impetus given by the 1997, 9/11, and 2008 crises to the construction of new opportunities for economic restructuring and political reforms. Here the extent to which global dynamics impacts on state restructuring is called into question.
· Second, the process of state restructuring and the social forces involved in the process. This would understand the distinct political-economic development strategies being undertaken in Malaysia and the Philippines—societies characterised by different political regimes, economic structures, and social forces.
· And third, the longer-term implications of crisis and state restructuring for social change towards democracy and development. This would explore the prospects for democratisation and the challenge of emergent ’authoritarian liberalism’ in Malaysia and the Philippines.
|Effektiv start/slut dato||01/08/2008 → 31/07/2011|
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