100% Renewable energy systems, climate mitigation and economic growth

Brian Vad Mathiesen, Henrik Lund, Kenneth Karlsson

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

358 Citationer (Scopus)

Resumé

Greenhouse gas mitigation strategies are generally considered costly with world leaders often engaging in debate concerning the costs of mitigation and the distribution of these costs between different countries. In this paper, the analyses and results of the design of a 100% renewable energy system by the year 2050 are presented for a complete energy system including transport. Two short-term transition target years in the process towards this goal are analysed for 2015 and 2030. The energy systems are analysed and designed with hour-by-hour energy system analyses. The analyses reveal that implementing energy savings, renewable energy and more efficient conversion technologies can have positive socio-economic effects, create employment and potentially lead to large earnings on exports. If externalities such as health effects are included, even more benefits can be expected. 100% Renewable energy systems will be technically possible in the future, and may even be economically beneficial compared to the business-as-usual energy system. Hence, the current debate between leaders should reflect a combination of these two main challenges.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftApplied Energy
Vol/bind88
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)488-501
ISSN0306-2619
DOI
StatusUdgivet - feb. 2011

Fingerprint

economic growth
mitigation
Economic and social effects
Economics
climate
Greenhouse gases
energy
Costs
Energy conservation
Health
Industry
cost
greenhouse gas

Citer dette

@article{91151dd45ed549aea897a75ff4981b8e,
title = "100{\%} Renewable energy systems, climate mitigation and economic growth",
abstract = "Greenhouse gas mitigation strategies are generally considered costly with world leaders often engaging in debate concerning the costs of mitigation and the distribution of these costs between different countries. In this paper, the analyses and results of the design of a 100{\%} renewable energy system by the year 2050 are presented for a complete energy system including transport. Two short-term transition target years in the process towards this goal are analysed for 2015 and 2030. The energy systems are analysed and designed with hour-by-hour energy system analyses. The analyses reveal that implementing energy savings, renewable energy and more efficient conversion technologies can have positive socio-economic effects, create employment and potentially lead to large earnings on exports. If externalities such as health effects are included, even more benefits can be expected. 100{\%} Renewable energy systems will be technically possible in the future, and may even be economically beneficial compared to the business-as-usual energy system. Hence, the current debate between leaders should reflect a combination of these two main challenges.",
author = "Mathiesen, {Brian Vad} and Henrik Lund and Kenneth Karlsson",
year = "2011",
month = "2",
doi = "10.1016/j.apenergy.2010.03.001",
language = "English",
volume = "88",
pages = "488--501",
journal = "Applied Energy",
issn = "0306-2619",
publisher = "Pergamon Press",
number = "2",

}

100% Renewable energy systems, climate mitigation and economic growth. / Mathiesen, Brian Vad; Lund, Henrik; Karlsson, Kenneth.

I: Applied Energy, Bind 88, Nr. 2, 02.2011, s. 488-501.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - 100% Renewable energy systems, climate mitigation and economic growth

AU - Mathiesen, Brian Vad

AU - Lund, Henrik

AU - Karlsson, Kenneth

PY - 2011/2

Y1 - 2011/2

N2 - Greenhouse gas mitigation strategies are generally considered costly with world leaders often engaging in debate concerning the costs of mitigation and the distribution of these costs between different countries. In this paper, the analyses and results of the design of a 100% renewable energy system by the year 2050 are presented for a complete energy system including transport. Two short-term transition target years in the process towards this goal are analysed for 2015 and 2030. The energy systems are analysed and designed with hour-by-hour energy system analyses. The analyses reveal that implementing energy savings, renewable energy and more efficient conversion technologies can have positive socio-economic effects, create employment and potentially lead to large earnings on exports. If externalities such as health effects are included, even more benefits can be expected. 100% Renewable energy systems will be technically possible in the future, and may even be economically beneficial compared to the business-as-usual energy system. Hence, the current debate between leaders should reflect a combination of these two main challenges.

AB - Greenhouse gas mitigation strategies are generally considered costly with world leaders often engaging in debate concerning the costs of mitigation and the distribution of these costs between different countries. In this paper, the analyses and results of the design of a 100% renewable energy system by the year 2050 are presented for a complete energy system including transport. Two short-term transition target years in the process towards this goal are analysed for 2015 and 2030. The energy systems are analysed and designed with hour-by-hour energy system analyses. The analyses reveal that implementing energy savings, renewable energy and more efficient conversion technologies can have positive socio-economic effects, create employment and potentially lead to large earnings on exports. If externalities such as health effects are included, even more benefits can be expected. 100% Renewable energy systems will be technically possible in the future, and may even be economically beneficial compared to the business-as-usual energy system. Hence, the current debate between leaders should reflect a combination of these two main challenges.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=78049383127&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.apenergy.2010.03.001

DO - 10.1016/j.apenergy.2010.03.001

M3 - Journal article

VL - 88

SP - 488

EP - 501

JO - Applied Energy

JF - Applied Energy

SN - 0306-2619

IS - 2

ER -