A multi-control vehicle-to-grid charger with bi-directional active and reactive power capabilities for power grid support

Kang Miao Tan*, Sanjeevikumar Padmanaban, Jia Ying Yong, Vigna K. Ramachandaramurthy

*Kontaktforfatter

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Resumé

This paper proposes a multi-control vehicle-to-grid charger with bi-directional power capability. The proposed charger can perform vehicle battery charging and discharging operations, as well as power grid support such as reactive power compensation, power factor correction, and grid voltage regulation. The performances of the charger controls were examined under various power grid scenarios. Results revealed that the vehicle-to-grid charger attained the highest charger efficiency when operating at unity power factor mode. Nevertheless, vehicle charging at unity power factor introduced a significant grid voltage drop which may violate the grid voltage limits. This problem was solved by using the voltage control, which injected reactive power to the power grid for accurate voltage regulation. This paper also proposed an autonomous multi-control selection algorithm to intelligently switch between the multiple charger controls in response to the power grid condition. Results showed that the proposed algorithm effectively instructed the charger to work in efficient control modes if the grid voltage was within the permissible voltage limits. Whenever the grid voltage exceeded the limits, the charger automatically switched to grid voltage control for power grid voltage regulation.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftEnergy
Vol/bind171
Sider (fra-til)1150-1163
Antal sider14
ISSN0360-5442
DOI
StatusUdgivet - mar. 2019

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Reactive power
Voltage control
Electric potential
Charging (batteries)
Switches

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title = "A multi-control vehicle-to-grid charger with bi-directional active and reactive power capabilities for power grid support",
abstract = "This paper proposes a multi-control vehicle-to-grid charger with bi-directional power capability. The proposed charger can perform vehicle battery charging and discharging operations, as well as power grid support such as reactive power compensation, power factor correction, and grid voltage regulation. The performances of the charger controls were examined under various power grid scenarios. Results revealed that the vehicle-to-grid charger attained the highest charger efficiency when operating at unity power factor mode. Nevertheless, vehicle charging at unity power factor introduced a significant grid voltage drop which may violate the grid voltage limits. This problem was solved by using the voltage control, which injected reactive power to the power grid for accurate voltage regulation. This paper also proposed an autonomous multi-control selection algorithm to intelligently switch between the multiple charger controls in response to the power grid condition. Results showed that the proposed algorithm effectively instructed the charger to work in efficient control modes if the grid voltage was within the permissible voltage limits. Whenever the grid voltage exceeded the limits, the charger automatically switched to grid voltage control for power grid voltage regulation.",
keywords = "AC-DC power converters, DC-DC power converters, Electric vehicles, Power conversion, Reactive power control, Voltage control",
author = "Tan, {Kang Miao} and Sanjeevikumar Padmanaban and Yong, {Jia Ying} and Ramachandaramurthy, {Vigna K.}",
year = "2019",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1016/j.energy.2019.01.053",
language = "English",
volume = "171",
pages = "1150--1163",
journal = "Energy",
issn = "0360-5442",
publisher = "Pergamon Press",

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A multi-control vehicle-to-grid charger with bi-directional active and reactive power capabilities for power grid support. / Tan, Kang Miao; Padmanaban, Sanjeevikumar; Yong, Jia Ying; Ramachandaramurthy, Vigna K.

I: Energy, Bind 171, 03.2019, s. 1150-1163.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

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AU - Tan, Kang Miao

AU - Padmanaban, Sanjeevikumar

AU - Yong, Jia Ying

AU - Ramachandaramurthy, Vigna K.

PY - 2019/3

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N2 - This paper proposes a multi-control vehicle-to-grid charger with bi-directional power capability. The proposed charger can perform vehicle battery charging and discharging operations, as well as power grid support such as reactive power compensation, power factor correction, and grid voltage regulation. The performances of the charger controls were examined under various power grid scenarios. Results revealed that the vehicle-to-grid charger attained the highest charger efficiency when operating at unity power factor mode. Nevertheless, vehicle charging at unity power factor introduced a significant grid voltage drop which may violate the grid voltage limits. This problem was solved by using the voltage control, which injected reactive power to the power grid for accurate voltage regulation. This paper also proposed an autonomous multi-control selection algorithm to intelligently switch between the multiple charger controls in response to the power grid condition. Results showed that the proposed algorithm effectively instructed the charger to work in efficient control modes if the grid voltage was within the permissible voltage limits. Whenever the grid voltage exceeded the limits, the charger automatically switched to grid voltage control for power grid voltage regulation.

AB - This paper proposes a multi-control vehicle-to-grid charger with bi-directional power capability. The proposed charger can perform vehicle battery charging and discharging operations, as well as power grid support such as reactive power compensation, power factor correction, and grid voltage regulation. The performances of the charger controls were examined under various power grid scenarios. Results revealed that the vehicle-to-grid charger attained the highest charger efficiency when operating at unity power factor mode. Nevertheless, vehicle charging at unity power factor introduced a significant grid voltage drop which may violate the grid voltage limits. This problem was solved by using the voltage control, which injected reactive power to the power grid for accurate voltage regulation. This paper also proposed an autonomous multi-control selection algorithm to intelligently switch between the multiple charger controls in response to the power grid condition. Results showed that the proposed algorithm effectively instructed the charger to work in efficient control modes if the grid voltage was within the permissible voltage limits. Whenever the grid voltage exceeded the limits, the charger automatically switched to grid voltage control for power grid voltage regulation.

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KW - DC-DC power converters

KW - Electric vehicles

KW - Power conversion

KW - Reactive power control

KW - Voltage control

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