A New 1‐hourly ERA5‐based Atmosphere De‐aliasing Product for GRACE, GRACE‐FO, and Future Gravity Missions

Fan Yang, Ehsan Forootan*, ChangQing Wang, Jürgen Kusche, Zhi Cai Luo


Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

3 Citationer (Scopus)


The current state‐of‐the‐art of satellite gravity data processing makes use of de‐aliasing products to reduce high‐frequency mass anomalies. For example, the most recent official Atmosphere and Ocean De‐Aliasing products (AOD1B‐RL06) are applied for the Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) and GRACE‐Follow On (GRACE‐FO) missions. The temporal resolution of AOD1B‐RL06 is 3 h, and spectrally, they are computed up to degree and order 180. In this study, we explore a refined, that is, geometrically, physically, and numerically improved, mass integration approach that is, important for computing the atmosphere part of these products. Besides, the newly available ERA‐5 climate data are used to produce a new set of non‐tidal atmosphere de‐aliasing product (HUST‐ERA5) that is, computed hourly up to degree and order 100, covering 2002 onwards. Despite an overall agreement with AOD1B‐RL06 (correlation 0.99), considerable discrepancies still exist between HUST‐ERA5 and AOD1B‐RL06. The possible reasons are therefore analyzed, and we find the input climate data, sampling rate and integration method may result in a product difference of 0.3, 0.15 and 0.05 millimeter geoid height, respectively. The total differences between HUST‐ERA5 and AOD1B‐RL06 can lead to a mean variation of 7.34 on the laser ranging interferometry (LRI) range‐rate residuals, for example, during January 2019, which is already close to the LRI precision. This impact is invisible for the GRACE (‐FO) gravity inversion because of the less accurate on‐board KBR (K‐band ranging) instrument, however, it will be non‐negligible and should be considered when the LRI completely replaces the KBR in the future gravity missions.
TidsskriftJournal of Geophysical Research
Udgave nummer9
StatusUdgivet - sep. 2021


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