A New Method for Identifying Hazardous Road Locations Using GPS and Accelerometer

Kristian Hegner Reinau, Camilla Sloth Andersen, Niels Agerholm

Publikation: Bidrag til bog/antologi/rapport/konference proceedingKonferenceartikel i proceedingForskningpeer review

Abstrakt

Identification of hazardous road locations is of key importance to traffic safety and has traditionally relied on accident statistics. Due to a declining quality of statistics on accidents in many countries, a need exist for new methods to identify hazardous road locations. This article presents a new method relying on GPS data and accelerometer data. The method developed in this article is superior to previous methods since it utilizes acceleration measurements to identify both a deceleration and a significant drop in speed by integrating acceleration measurements over time in a moving time-window. This calculation is combined with measurements of jerks to distinguish between planned decelerations and unplanned decelerations, which occurs when drivers react to hazardous situations. Finally, using GPS data, the unplanned decelerations identified are linked to specific locations. The method is tested and validated through a case study of Aalborg city, where HRLs identified on the basis of accident statistics are compared to the HCLs identified with the new method on a dataset of more than 36.531 hours of driving tracked with accelerometer and GPS, containing 131 million GPS and 1.1 billion acceleration measurements.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TitelProceedings of 23rd World Congress on Intelligent Transport Systems : Melbourne 2016
Antal sider12
Publikationsdato2016
StatusUdgivet - 2016
Begivenhed23rd ITS World Congress: ITS - Enhancing Liveable Cities and Communities - Melbourne Convention and Exhibition Centre, Melbourne, Australien
Varighed: 10 okt. 201614 okt. 2016

Konference

Konference23rd ITS World Congress
LokationMelbourne Convention and Exhibition Centre
LandAustralien
ByMelbourne
Periode10/10/201614/10/2016

Emneord

  • Traffic Safety
  • Hazardous Road Locations
  • Dark figures
  • Floating Car Data
  • Decelerations
  • Jerks

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