A Quantitative Parametric Study on Output Time Delays for Autonomous Underwater Cleaning Operations

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Offshore pipelines and structures require regular marine growth removal and inspection to ensure structural integrity. These operations are typically carried out by Remotely Operated Vehicles (ROVs) and demand reliable and accurate feedback signals for operating the ROVs efficiently under harsh offshore conditions. This study investigates and quantifies how sensor delays impact the expected control performance without the need for defining the control parameters. Input-output (IO) controllability analysis of the open-loop system is applied to find the lower bound of the H-infinity peaks of the unspecified optimal closed-loop systems. The performance analyses have shown that near-structure operations, such as pipeline inspection or cleaning, in which small error tolerances are required, have a small threshold for the time delays. The IO controllability analysis indicates that off-structure navigation allow substantial larger time delays. Especially heading is vulnerable to time delay; however, fast-responding sensors usually measure this motion. Lastly, a sensor comparison is presented where available sensors are evaluated for each ROV motion’s respective sensor-induced time delays. It is concluded that even though off-structure navigation have larger time delay tolerance the corresponding sensors also introduce substantially larger time delays.
TidsskriftJournal of Marine Science and Engineering
Udgave nummer6
Sider (fra-til)1-26
Antal sider26
StatusUdgivet - 14 jun. 2022

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