Adaptation to environmental stress at different timescales

Torsten Nygaard Kristensen, Tarmo Ketola, Ilkka Kronholm

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftReview (oversigtsartikel)Forskningpeer review

2 Citationer (Scopus)

Resumé

Environments are changing rapidly, and to cope with these changes, organisms have to adapt. Adaptation can take many shapes and occur at different speeds, depending on the type of response, the trait, the population, and the environmental conditions. The biodiversity crisis that we are currently facing illustrates that numerous species and populations are not capable of adapting with sufficient speed to ongoing environmental changes. Here, we discuss current knowledge on the ability of animals and plants to adapt to environmental stress on different timescales, mainly focusing on thermal stress and ectotherms. We discuss within‐generation responses that can be fast and induced within minutes or hours, evolutionary adaptations that are often slow and take several generations, and mechanisms that lay somewhere in between and that include epigenetic transgenerational effects. To understand and predict the impacts of environmental change and stress on biodiversity, we suggest that future studies should (1) have an increased focus on understanding the type and speed of responses to fast environmental changes; (2) focus on the importance of environmental fluctuations and the predictability of environmental conditions on adaptive capabilities, preferably in field studies encompassing several fitness components; and (3) look at ecosystem responses to environmental stress and their resilience when disturbed.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftNew York Academy of Sciences. Annals
ISSN0077-8923
DOI
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 27 sep. 2018

Citer dette

@article{871a4dec3da34fa48997ca76f7f13a2b,
title = "Adaptation to environmental stress at different timescales",
abstract = "Environments are changing rapidly, and to cope with these changes, organisms have to adapt. Adaptation can take many shapes and occur at different speeds, depending on the type of response, the trait, the population, and the environmental conditions. The biodiversity crisis that we are currently facing illustrates that numerous species and populations are not capable of adapting with sufficient speed to ongoing environmental changes. Here, we discuss current knowledge on the ability of animals and plants to adapt to environmental stress on different timescales, mainly focusing on thermal stress and ectotherms. We discuss within‐generation responses that can be fast and induced within minutes or hours, evolutionary adaptations that are often slow and take several generations, and mechanisms that lay somewhere in between and that include epigenetic transgenerational effects. To understand and predict the impacts of environmental change and stress on biodiversity, we suggest that future studies should (1) have an increased focus on understanding the type and speed of responses to fast environmental changes; (2) focus on the importance of environmental fluctuations and the predictability of environmental conditions on adaptive capabilities, preferably in field studies encompassing several fitness components; and (3) look at ecosystem responses to environmental stress and their resilience when disturbed.",
keywords = "environmental stress, evolution, plasticity, trangenerational effects",
author = "Kristensen, {Torsten Nygaard} and Tarmo Ketola and Ilkka Kronholm",
year = "2018",
month = "9",
day = "27",
doi = "10.1111/nyas.13974",
language = "English",
journal = "New York Academy of Sciences. Annals",
issn = "0077-8923",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",

}

Adaptation to environmental stress at different timescales. / Kristensen, Torsten Nygaard; Ketola, Tarmo; Kronholm, Ilkka.

I: New York Academy of Sciences. Annals, 27.09.2018.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftReview (oversigtsartikel)Forskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Adaptation to environmental stress at different timescales

AU - Kristensen, Torsten Nygaard

AU - Ketola, Tarmo

AU - Kronholm, Ilkka

PY - 2018/9/27

Y1 - 2018/9/27

N2 - Environments are changing rapidly, and to cope with these changes, organisms have to adapt. Adaptation can take many shapes and occur at different speeds, depending on the type of response, the trait, the population, and the environmental conditions. The biodiversity crisis that we are currently facing illustrates that numerous species and populations are not capable of adapting with sufficient speed to ongoing environmental changes. Here, we discuss current knowledge on the ability of animals and plants to adapt to environmental stress on different timescales, mainly focusing on thermal stress and ectotherms. We discuss within‐generation responses that can be fast and induced within minutes or hours, evolutionary adaptations that are often slow and take several generations, and mechanisms that lay somewhere in between and that include epigenetic transgenerational effects. To understand and predict the impacts of environmental change and stress on biodiversity, we suggest that future studies should (1) have an increased focus on understanding the type and speed of responses to fast environmental changes; (2) focus on the importance of environmental fluctuations and the predictability of environmental conditions on adaptive capabilities, preferably in field studies encompassing several fitness components; and (3) look at ecosystem responses to environmental stress and their resilience when disturbed.

AB - Environments are changing rapidly, and to cope with these changes, organisms have to adapt. Adaptation can take many shapes and occur at different speeds, depending on the type of response, the trait, the population, and the environmental conditions. The biodiversity crisis that we are currently facing illustrates that numerous species and populations are not capable of adapting with sufficient speed to ongoing environmental changes. Here, we discuss current knowledge on the ability of animals and plants to adapt to environmental stress on different timescales, mainly focusing on thermal stress and ectotherms. We discuss within‐generation responses that can be fast and induced within minutes or hours, evolutionary adaptations that are often slow and take several generations, and mechanisms that lay somewhere in between and that include epigenetic transgenerational effects. To understand and predict the impacts of environmental change and stress on biodiversity, we suggest that future studies should (1) have an increased focus on understanding the type and speed of responses to fast environmental changes; (2) focus on the importance of environmental fluctuations and the predictability of environmental conditions on adaptive capabilities, preferably in field studies encompassing several fitness components; and (3) look at ecosystem responses to environmental stress and their resilience when disturbed.

KW - environmental stress

KW - evolution

KW - plasticity

KW - trangenerational effects

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85053866939&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/nyas.13974

DO - 10.1111/nyas.13974

M3 - Review article

JO - New York Academy of Sciences. Annals

JF - New York Academy of Sciences. Annals

SN - 0077-8923

ER -