Additional Guidance on the Use of the PRESERFLO™ MicroShunt in the Treatment of Glaucoma: Insights from a Second Delphi Consensus Panel

Anthony P. Khawaja*, Luís Abegão Pinto, Ingeborg Stalmans, Florent Aptel, Anna Barkander, Keith Barton, Henny Beckers, Milko Iliev, Thomas Klink, Giorgio Marchini, Jose Martínez de la Casa, Karin R. Pillunat, Jan H. Simonsen, Clemens Vass


Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review


INTRODUCTION: The PRESERFLO™ MicroShunt (PMS) has been proven to significantly lower intraocular pressure (IOP) in patients with glaucoma and has been available for use since 2019. With increasing published evidence and growing experience of glaucoma surgeons, the aim of this modified Delphi panel was to build on the findings of a previous Delphi panel conducted in 2021 and provide further guidance on the role of the PMS to treat patients with glaucoma in Europe.

METHODS: Thirteen European glaucoma surgeons experienced in the PMS procedure participated in a 3-round modified Delphi panel. A targeted literature review and expert steering committee guided Round 1 questionnaire development. Consensus was pre-defined at a threshold of ≥ 70% of panellists selecting 'strongly agree'/'agree' or 'strongly disagree'/'disagree' for 6-point Likert scale questions or ≥ 70% selecting the same option for multiple or single-choice questions. Questions not reaching consensus were restated/revised for the next round, following guidance from free-text responses/scoping questions.

RESULTS: In total, 28% (n = 9/32), 52% (n = 16/31) and 91% (n = 10/11) of statements reached consensus in Rounds 1, 2 and 3, respectively. There was agreement that the PMS may be used in patients with pigmentary, post-trauma or post-vitrectomy glaucoma and for patients with uveitic glaucoma without active inflammation. The PMS may be more suitable for patients with contact lenses than other subconjunctival filtering surgeries, without eliminating bleb-associated risks. Consensus was reached that combining PMS implantation and phacoemulsification may be as safe as standalone PMS surgery, but further efficacy data are required. Following a late rise in IOP ≥ 4 months post-surgery, topical aqueous suppressant drops or bleb revision may be suitable management options.

CONCLUSIONS: This Delphi panel builds on the considerations explored in the 2021 Delphi panel and provides further detailed guidance for glaucoma surgeons on the use of the PMS, reflecting the availability of novel evidence and surgical experience. Videos are available for this article.

TidsskriftOphthalmology and therapy
Udgave nummer6
Sider (fra-til)1569-1588
Antal sider20
StatusUdgivet - jun. 2024

Bibliografisk note

© 2024. The Author(s).


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