Purpose: Altered head range of motion (RoM) and head repositioning accuracy (HRA) are commonly reported in neck pain. However, the quality of motion (QoM) is currently not easy to assess clinically. This study investigated the agreement of head rotation recordings using a 3D camera system compared to a commercially available inertial measurement unit (MOTI).

Materials and methods: Thirty participants, mean age 26.5 years old (SD 4.4), partook in this study. Participants wore a Headband with MOTI and markers for 3D motion capture analysis during head rotations. The two systems recorded active head RoM in rotation, HRA, and QoM. Agreement of RoM, HRA and QoM data was compared between the two systems using Interclass correlation coefficients (ICC; 2.1) and Bland-Altman plots.

Results: Good to excellent agreement between the two systems was seen for RoM (ICC: 0.998), HRA (0.75–0.88) and QoM (ICC: 0.911–0.913). The Bland-Altman plots revealed a systemic offset where the MOTI device measured higher values for RoM (mean bias: −0.56 ± 0.65°), HRA (mean bias: 0.48 ± 0.76°) and QoM (mean bias: −16.9 ± 51.6 A.U.).

Conclusion: The present study found that the MOTI device can accurately measure RoM, HRA and QoM during head rotation. MOTI may be preferred over a 3D camera system for clinical use.
TidsskriftEuropean Journal of Physiotherapy
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 8 apr. 2023