Air Flows in Gravity Sewers - Determination of Wastewater Drag Coefficient

Thomas Ruby Bentzen, Kristian Østertoft, Jes Vollertsen, Emil Dietz Fuglsang, Asbjørn Haaning Nielsen

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

3 Citationer (Scopus)


Several experiments have been conducted in order to improve the understanding of the wastewater drag and the wall frictional force acting on the headspace air in gravity sewers. The aim of the study is to improve the data basis for a numerical model of natural sewer ventilation. The results of the study shows that by integrating the top/side wall shear stresses the log-law models for the air velocity distribution along the unwetted perimeter resulted in a good agreement with the friction forces calculated by use of the Colebrook-White formula for hydraulic smooth pipes. Secondly, the water surface drags were found by log-law models of the velocity distribution in turbulent flows to fit velocity profiles measured from the water surface and by integrating the water surface drags along the wetted perimeter, mean water surface drags were found and a measure of the water surface drag coefficient was found.
TidsskriftWater Environment Research
Udgave nummer3
Sider (fra-til)239-256
Antal sider18
StatusUdgivet - 2016


  • Air transport
  • Drag
  • Hydrogen sulfide
  • Modeling
  • Odor
  • Ventilation
  • Wastewater


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