Are ‘home’ and ’smart’ contradictory concepts or fluid positions that will converge?

Kirsten Gram-Hanssen, Sarah J. Darby

Publikation: Konferencebidrag uden forlag/tidsskriftPaper uden forlag/tidsskriftForskning

Resumé

Given the extensive research literature on energy in buildings, especially housing, it is striking how little there is on the home. Although recent socio-technical energy studies have begun to include ideas of what the home means to people, the concept of Home is largely absent from the thousands of papers in which building functions are analysed and modelled and the ‘behaviours’ of occupants are dissected and discussed. Yet within the energy literature there is a growing focus on how ‘smart homes’ in smart grids could be part of a sustainable future. In this paper we bring together these two discussions on homes and on smart homes, raising the question of whether aspects of smart home visions can be compatible with more traditional understandings of being ‘at home’. Or are the two fundamentally at odds with each other?
The first part of the paper examines the concept of home. We distinguish four different approaches to the concept of home including Home as security and control; Home as a place for activity; Home as permanence, continuity and social relations and finally Home as social status and identity. Discussing these concepts against different types of studies on Smart Home reveals that especially the technological approach to smart homes has a strong link to aspects of security and control in the home, whereas it is rare for any type of smart home study to focus on aspects of the home related to social relations and identity although these may well relate to how energy management might influence energy consuming habits. Strikingly little research involves evaluations of the smart home technologies in practice and we suggest more research on this, including questions on how smart home technologies might take part in transforming ideas of what the concept of home means.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
Publikationsdato1 maj 2016
Antal sider9
StatusUdgivet - 1 maj 2016
BegivenhedThe DEMAND Centre Conference 2016: What energy is for: the making and dynamics of demand - Lancaster University, Lancaster, Storbritannien
Varighed: 13 apr. 201615 apr. 2016
http://www.demand.ac.uk/conference-2016/

Konference

KonferenceThe DEMAND Centre Conference 2016
LokationLancaster University
LandStorbritannien
ByLancaster
Periode13/04/201615/04/2016
Internetadresse

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energy
Social Relations
evaluation research
habits
social status
building
continuity
housing
management
literature

Citer dette

Gram-Hanssen, K., & J. Darby, S. (2016). Are ‘home’ and ’smart’ contradictory concepts or fluid positions that will converge?. Afhandling præsenteret på The DEMAND Centre Conference 2016, Lancaster, Storbritannien.
Gram-Hanssen, Kirsten ; J. Darby, Sarah. / Are ‘home’ and ’smart’ contradictory concepts or fluid positions that will converge?. Afhandling præsenteret på The DEMAND Centre Conference 2016, Lancaster, Storbritannien.9 s.
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Gram-Hanssen, K & J. Darby, S 2016, 'Are ‘home’ and ’smart’ contradictory concepts or fluid positions that will converge?' Paper fremlagt ved The DEMAND Centre Conference 2016, Lancaster, Storbritannien, 13/04/2016 - 15/04/2016, .

Are ‘home’ and ’smart’ contradictory concepts or fluid positions that will converge? / Gram-Hanssen, Kirsten; J. Darby, Sarah.

2016. Afhandling præsenteret på The DEMAND Centre Conference 2016, Lancaster, Storbritannien.

Publikation: Konferencebidrag uden forlag/tidsskriftPaper uden forlag/tidsskriftForskning

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T1 - Are ‘home’ and ’smart’ contradictory concepts or fluid positions that will converge?

AU - Gram-Hanssen, Kirsten

AU - J. Darby, Sarah

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N2 - Given the extensive research literature on energy in buildings, especially housing, it is striking how little there is on the home. Although recent socio-technical energy studies have begun to include ideas of what the home means to people, the concept of Home is largely absent from the thousands of papers in which building functions are analysed and modelled and the ‘behaviours’ of occupants are dissected and discussed. Yet within the energy literature there is a growing focus on how ‘smart homes’ in smart grids could be part of a sustainable future. In this paper we bring together these two discussions on homes and on smart homes, raising the question of whether aspects of smart home visions can be compatible with more traditional understandings of being ‘at home’. Or are the two fundamentally at odds with each other?The first part of the paper examines the concept of home. We distinguish four different approaches to the concept of home including Home as security and control; Home as a place for activity; Home as permanence, continuity and social relations and finally Home as social status and identity. Discussing these concepts against different types of studies on Smart Home reveals that especially the technological approach to smart homes has a strong link to aspects of security and control in the home, whereas it is rare for any type of smart home study to focus on aspects of the home related to social relations and identity although these may well relate to how energy management might influence energy consuming habits. Strikingly little research involves evaluations of the smart home technologies in practice and we suggest more research on this, including questions on how smart home technologies might take part in transforming ideas of what the concept of home means.

AB - Given the extensive research literature on energy in buildings, especially housing, it is striking how little there is on the home. Although recent socio-technical energy studies have begun to include ideas of what the home means to people, the concept of Home is largely absent from the thousands of papers in which building functions are analysed and modelled and the ‘behaviours’ of occupants are dissected and discussed. Yet within the energy literature there is a growing focus on how ‘smart homes’ in smart grids could be part of a sustainable future. In this paper we bring together these two discussions on homes and on smart homes, raising the question of whether aspects of smart home visions can be compatible with more traditional understandings of being ‘at home’. Or are the two fundamentally at odds with each other?The first part of the paper examines the concept of home. We distinguish four different approaches to the concept of home including Home as security and control; Home as a place for activity; Home as permanence, continuity and social relations and finally Home as social status and identity. Discussing these concepts against different types of studies on Smart Home reveals that especially the technological approach to smart homes has a strong link to aspects of security and control in the home, whereas it is rare for any type of smart home study to focus on aspects of the home related to social relations and identity although these may well relate to how energy management might influence energy consuming habits. Strikingly little research involves evaluations of the smart home technologies in practice and we suggest more research on this, including questions on how smart home technologies might take part in transforming ideas of what the concept of home means.

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Gram-Hanssen K, J. Darby S. Are ‘home’ and ’smart’ contradictory concepts or fluid positions that will converge?. 2016. Afhandling præsenteret på The DEMAND Centre Conference 2016, Lancaster, Storbritannien.