Assessment of LTE Wireless Access for Monitoring of Energy Distribution in the Smart Grid

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Resumé

While LTE is becoming widely rolled out for human-type services, it is also a promising solution for cost-efficient connectivity of the smart grid monitoring equipment. This is a type of machine-to-machine (M2M) traffic that consists mainly of sporadic uplink transmissions. In such a setting, the amount of traffic that can be served in a cell is not constrained by the data capacity, but rather by the signaling constraints in the PRACH, PDCCH, and PUSCH channels. In this paper we explore these limitations using a detailed simulation of the LTE access reservation protocol (ARP). We find that 1) assigning RAOs more frequently sometimes worsens performance; and 2) the additional signaling that follows the ARP has very large impact on the capacity in terms of the number of supported devices; we observed a reduction in the capacity by almost a factor of 3. This suggests that a lightweight access method, with reduced number of signaling messages, needs to be considered in standardization for M2M applications. Additionally we propose a tractable analytical model that accurately evaluates the outage for a given scenario at click-speed. The model accounts for the features of the PRACH, PDCCH, PDSCH, and PUSCH, as well as retransmissions.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftI E E E Journal on Selected Areas in Communications
Vol/bind34
Udgave nummer3
Sider (fra-til)675 - 688
ISSN0733-8716
DOI
StatusUdgivet - mar. 2016

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Monitoring
Outages
Standardization
Analytical models
Costs

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title = "Assessment of LTE Wireless Access for Monitoring of Energy Distribution in the Smart Grid",
abstract = "While LTE is becoming widely rolled out for human-type services, it is also a promising solution for cost-efficient connectivity of the smart grid monitoring equipment. This is a type of machine-to-machine (M2M) traffic that consists mainly of sporadic uplink transmissions. In such a setting, the amount of traffic that can be served in a cell is not constrained by the data capacity, but rather by the signaling constraints in the PRACH, PDCCH, and PUSCH channels. In this paper we explore these limitations using a detailed simulation of the LTE access reservation protocol (ARP). We find that 1) assigning RAOs more frequently sometimes worsens performance; and 2) the additional signaling that follows the ARP has very large impact on the capacity in terms of the number of supported devices; we observed a reduction in the capacity by almost a factor of 3. This suggests that a lightweight access method, with reduced number of signaling messages, needs to be considered in standardization for M2M applications. Additionally we propose a tractable analytical model that accurately evaluates the outage for a given scenario at click-speed. The model accounts for the features of the PRACH, PDCCH, PDSCH, and PUSCH, as well as retransmissions.",
author = "Madue{\~n}o, {Germ{\'a}n Corrales} and Nielsen, {Jimmy Jessen} and {Min Kim}, Dong and Nuno Pratas and Cedomir Stefanovic and Petar Popovski",
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T1 - Assessment of LTE Wireless Access for Monitoring of Energy Distribution in the Smart Grid

AU - Madueño, Germán Corrales

AU - Nielsen, Jimmy Jessen

AU - Min Kim, Dong

AU - Pratas, Nuno

AU - Stefanovic, Cedomir

AU - Popovski, Petar

PY - 2016/3

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N2 - While LTE is becoming widely rolled out for human-type services, it is also a promising solution for cost-efficient connectivity of the smart grid monitoring equipment. This is a type of machine-to-machine (M2M) traffic that consists mainly of sporadic uplink transmissions. In such a setting, the amount of traffic that can be served in a cell is not constrained by the data capacity, but rather by the signaling constraints in the PRACH, PDCCH, and PUSCH channels. In this paper we explore these limitations using a detailed simulation of the LTE access reservation protocol (ARP). We find that 1) assigning RAOs more frequently sometimes worsens performance; and 2) the additional signaling that follows the ARP has very large impact on the capacity in terms of the number of supported devices; we observed a reduction in the capacity by almost a factor of 3. This suggests that a lightweight access method, with reduced number of signaling messages, needs to be considered in standardization for M2M applications. Additionally we propose a tractable analytical model that accurately evaluates the outage for a given scenario at click-speed. The model accounts for the features of the PRACH, PDCCH, PDSCH, and PUSCH, as well as retransmissions.

AB - While LTE is becoming widely rolled out for human-type services, it is also a promising solution for cost-efficient connectivity of the smart grid monitoring equipment. This is a type of machine-to-machine (M2M) traffic that consists mainly of sporadic uplink transmissions. In such a setting, the amount of traffic that can be served in a cell is not constrained by the data capacity, but rather by the signaling constraints in the PRACH, PDCCH, and PUSCH channels. In this paper we explore these limitations using a detailed simulation of the LTE access reservation protocol (ARP). We find that 1) assigning RAOs more frequently sometimes worsens performance; and 2) the additional signaling that follows the ARP has very large impact on the capacity in terms of the number of supported devices; we observed a reduction in the capacity by almost a factor of 3. This suggests that a lightweight access method, with reduced number of signaling messages, needs to be considered in standardization for M2M applications. Additionally we propose a tractable analytical model that accurately evaluates the outage for a given scenario at click-speed. The model accounts for the features of the PRACH, PDCCH, PDSCH, and PUSCH, as well as retransmissions.

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DO - 10.1109/JSAC.2016.2525639

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EP - 688

JO - I E E E Journal on Selected Areas in Communications

JF - I E E E Journal on Selected Areas in Communications

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