Bacteriology and Modernity: Phenomenology, Biopolitics, Ontology

Bidragets oversatte titel: Bakteriologi og modernitet: Fænomenologi, biopolitik, ontologi

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    Abstrakt

    Around 1900, bacteriology offered a new interpretation of the relationship between the individual and the surrounding world that problematized existing notions about humanity and contributed to the formation of new ones. On the one hand, the public awareness about the ability of bacteria to colonize the body and to proliferate within it gave rise to a wide-spread bacillophobia. On the other, it challenged the anthropocentric world view that had dominated since the Enlightenment. As a symbolic form, the interaction between the human body and bacteria was used conceptually to make sense of a rapidly-changing world, as reflected in the literature of the day. This chapter argues that the “bacterial focus” on the world moved the work of a number of prominent authors towards what can be termed an embodied modernism. From a phenomenological (Mach, Lefebvre), a biopolitical (Esposito), and an ontological perspective (Hird) respectively, it focuses on the interplay between bacillophobia and a dawning post-anthropocentrism in Joris-Karl Huysmans’ Against Nature (1884), Joseph Conrad’s The Nigger of the “Narcissus,” and Mark Twain’s 3,000 Years Among the Microbes (1905).
    Bidragets oversatte titelBakteriologi og modernitet: Fænomenologi, biopolitik, ontologi
    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    TitelBodies in Transition in the Health Humanities : Representations of Corporeality
    RedaktørerLisa M. DeTora, Stephanie Hilger
    Antal sider11
    UdgivelsesstedLondon
    ForlagRoutledge
    Publikationsdato2019
    Udgave1.
    Sider97-107
    Kapitel9
    ISBN (Elektronisk)9781351128742
    DOI
    StatusUdgivet - 2019

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