Biomechanical human models for seating discomfort assessment

Xuguang Wang, Léo Savonnet, Ilias Theodorakos, Georges Beurier, Sonia Duprey

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9 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstract

Computational human models can be used to estimate the biomechanical parameters that cannot be measured easily such as interdisc pressure, muscle forces, and strain in soft tissues. They can also be used to virtually assess the discomfort of a seat in its early phase of design. Two types of human models have been developed in the past, deformable finite element (FE) and rigid multibody musculoskeletal (MSK) models. In this chapter, existing MSK and FE human models used in sitting biomechanics are briefly reviewed as well as some recent and on-going researches at LBMC (Biomechanics and Impact Mechanics Laboratory, a mixed research unit from IFSTTAR (French institute of science and technology for transport, development and networks) and Université Claude Bernard Lyon1. Researches include both experimental investigations using a newly developed experiment seat and biomechanical modeling. Results are summarized ranging from parametric FE buttock thigh modeling, whole-body MSK simulations, and new experimental data (external contact forces and open MRI showing bone position and soft-tissue deformation) for validating developed biomechanical models.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TitelDHM and Posturography
Antal sider14
ForlagElsevier Editora
Publikationsdato1 jan. 2019
Sider643-656
ISBN (Elektronisk)9780128167137
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1 jan. 2019

Bibliografisk note

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© 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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