Biometric Performance as a Function of Gallery Size

Lee Friedman, Hal Stern, Vladyslav Prokopenko, Shagen Djanian, Henry Griffith, Oleg Komogortsev

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

1 Citationer (Scopus)
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Abstract

Many developers of biometric systems start with modest samples before general deployment. However, they are interested in how their systems will work with much larger samples. To assist them, we evaluated the effect of gallery size on biometric performance. Identification rates describe the performance of biometric identification, whereas ROC-based measures describe the performance of biometric authentication (verification). Therefore, we examined how increases in gallery size affected identification rates (i.e., Rank-1 Identification Rate, or Rank-1 IR) and ROC-based measures such as equal error rate (EER). We studied these phenomena with synthetic data as well as real data from a face recognition study. It is well known that the Rank-1 IR declines with increasing gallery size, and that the relationship is linear against log(gallery size). We have confirmed this with synthetic and real data. We have shown that this decline can be counteracted with the inclusion of additional information (features) for larger gallery sizes. We have also described the curves which can be used to predict how much additional information would be required to stabilize the Rank-1 IR as a function of gallery size. These equations are also linear in log(gallery size). We have also shown that the entire ROC-curve was not systematically affected by gallery size, and so ROC-based scalar performance metrics such as EER are also stable across gallery size. Unsurprisingly, as additional uncorrelated features are added to the model, EER decreases. We were interested in determining the impact of adding more features on the median, spread and shape of similarity score distributions. We present evidence that these decreases in EER are driven primarily by decreases in the spread of the impostor similarity score distribution.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer11144
TidsskriftApplied Sciences
Vol/bind12
Udgave nummer21
ISSN2076-3417
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 3 nov. 2022

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