Blasthole sampling (replicate and variographic experiments) in LKAB open pit iron ore mines – fit-for-purpose representativity?

Karin Engström, Kim Harry Esbensen

Publikation: Bidrag til bog/antologi/rapport/konference proceedingKonferenceartikel i proceedingForskningpeer review

Abstrakt

The conclusion from the debate over the last decade in the mining sector is that, for grade control,
reverse circulation (RC) drill sampling gives more reliable results due to less sampling problems
than blasthole samples. However, by conducting the latter with well-controlled procedures there
still exist fair possibilities to counteract the major blasthole sampling problems and achieve fit-forpurpose
representativeness, especially if based on minimal loss of fines. In the present PhD study,
extensive replicate experiments and variographic characterisations are conducted to evaluate the
performance of manual blasthole (BH) sampling and sectorial segment sampling. The experiments
were performed in LKAB’s Leveäniemi open pit mine in the north of Sweden. The experimental
area is an apatite-magnetite iron ore deposit of the Kiruna type, with the demand to exhibit a
maximum of local heterogeneity to allow the experiment the largest possible conclusion powers.
Gathering and splitting the complete BH drill cutting cones (fines cone, coarse cone) served as an
authoritative reference on which to assess the representativity of the two BH sampling methods.
Results show that manual BH drill sampling is able to produce samples with an acceptable
accuracy and precision if performed properly and with insight. Based on variographic comparison,
segment sampling shows similar precision for chemical grades as the manual sampling, while the
particle size distributions were more deviating for segment sampling than for manual sampling
at the high and low size ranges. Possible reasons for these partly surprising results are discussed.
For further investigation of the performance of BH versus RC drill sampling, a second experiment
has been planned on a parallel profile. This will result in an unprecedented opportunity for a full
variographic comparison between RC and BH sampling, aimed at designing specific, fit-for-purpose
sampling procedures as a function of ore quality, cut-off grades and important contaminant levels.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TitelProceedings, Eighth World Conference on Sampling and Blending
Antal sider12
Udgivelses stedPerth
ForlagAustralasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy
Publikationsdato9 maj 2017
Sider85-96
StatusUdgivet - 9 maj 2017
BegivenhedEighth World Conference on Sampling and Blending 2017 - Perth, Australien
Varighed: 9 maj 201711 maj 2017
Konferencens nummer: 8
http://www.wcsb8.com/

Konference

KonferenceEighth World Conference on Sampling and Blending 2017
Nummer8
LandAustralien
ByPerth
Periode09/05/201711/05/2017
Internetadresse

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Citationsformater

Engström, K., & Esbensen, K. H. (2017). Blasthole sampling (replicate and variographic experiments) in LKAB open pit iron ore mines – fit-for-purpose representativity? I Proceedings, Eighth World Conference on Sampling and Blending (s. 85-96). Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy.