Blowing in the wind: A brief history of wind energy and wind power technologies in Denmark

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Abstrakt

This paper explores the history of wind power technologies and the integration of wind energy in the Danish energy system. From the first primitive wind turbines in the late 1800s, to the world wars, through the energy-crisis in the 70s, and into the decades of growing environmental awareness and concern, this historical account describes how policy priorities in Denmark gradually translated from the focus on energy diversification, energy efficiency and energy independence to the focus on sustainability and renewable energy resources, with wind energy and wind power technologies at the top of the priority list. As the modern wind power turbines grew to industrial scale heights, support for specific wind farms could no longer be taken for granted. This paper also touches upon the frequently tacit dilemmas of renewable energy technology planning and deployment, issues of environmental justice, wind farm ownership
structures, and the role of social psychology for low-carbon energy transition processes. Attention is drawn to the emphasis of wind farm opposition / grievances in wider wind farm related debates. Insights and lessons learnt from this Danish history of wind power may prove valuable and inspirational for other countries engaging in low-carbon energy transitions.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer112139
TidsskriftEnergy Policy
Vol/bind152
ISSN0301-4215
DOI
StatusUdgivet - maj 2021

Bibliografisk note

Funding Information:
Thanks to all of the informants who helped me along the way, the people at HOFOR (Greater Copenhagen Utility), to fellow researchers and friends.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier Ltd

Copyright:
Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

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