Burden and causes for hospitalizations following coronary artery bypass grafting: a nationwide cohort study

Jawad H Butt, Peter Skov Olsen, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Gunnar H Gislason, Lars Køber, Emil L Fosbøl

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Resumé

OBJECTIVES: Hospitalizations are a major burden for both patients and society and are potentially preventable. However, data on the burden and causes for hospitalizations after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) are sparse. We examined hospitalizations within 1 year after CABG and associated factors.

METHODS: Using the Danish nationwide registries, we identified 36 475 patients who underwent first-time isolated CABG (1998-2014) and were discharged alive. Subsequent hospitalizations were classified as cardiovascular or non-cardiovascular according to discharge diagnosis codes. Factors associated with any hospitalization were identified using the Cox regression.

RESULTS: Thirty-day hospitalization risks for all-cause, cardiovascular and non-cardiovascular reasons were 16.7%, 12.4% and 4.2%, respectively. The corresponding 1-year hospitalization risks were 40.2%, 28.6% and 11.5%. Among patients who survived the first year, 7877 (22.1%) patients were admitted once, 3198 (9.0%) patients were admitted twice and 2844 (8.0%) patients were admitted 3 or more times within the first year. Ischaemic heart disease (15.6%), angina pectoris (9.8%), atrial fibrillation (AF) (8.7%) and heart failure (8.0%) were the most frequent reasons for hospitalization. Factors associated with any hospitalization were lower income level, a history of stroke, heart failure, AF, diabetes, malignancy, chronic renal failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, longer length of stay, postoperative AF and stroke.

CONCLUSIONS: Within 1-year post-CABG, 40% of patients had at least 1 hospitalization, and approximately 70% of all hospitalizations were attributed to a cardiovascular cause. Lower socioeconomic status, preoperative comorbidities, postoperative complications during index admission and a longer length of stay were associated with hospitalization.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftEuropean Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
ISSN1010-7940
DOI
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 10 jan. 2019

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Coronary Artery Bypass
Hospitalization
Cohort Studies
Atrial Fibrillation
Length of Stay
Heart Failure
Stroke
Angina Pectoris
Social Class
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Chronic Kidney Failure
Myocardial Ischemia
Registries
Comorbidity

Citer dette

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abstract = "OBJECTIVES: Hospitalizations are a major burden for both patients and society and are potentially preventable. However, data on the burden and causes for hospitalizations after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) are sparse. We examined hospitalizations within 1 year after CABG and associated factors.METHODS: Using the Danish nationwide registries, we identified 36 475 patients who underwent first-time isolated CABG (1998-2014) and were discharged alive. Subsequent hospitalizations were classified as cardiovascular or non-cardiovascular according to discharge diagnosis codes. Factors associated with any hospitalization were identified using the Cox regression.RESULTS: Thirty-day hospitalization risks for all-cause, cardiovascular and non-cardiovascular reasons were 16.7{\%}, 12.4{\%} and 4.2{\%}, respectively. The corresponding 1-year hospitalization risks were 40.2{\%}, 28.6{\%} and 11.5{\%}. Among patients who survived the first year, 7877 (22.1{\%}) patients were admitted once, 3198 (9.0{\%}) patients were admitted twice and 2844 (8.0{\%}) patients were admitted 3 or more times within the first year. Ischaemic heart disease (15.6{\%}), angina pectoris (9.8{\%}), atrial fibrillation (AF) (8.7{\%}) and heart failure (8.0{\%}) were the most frequent reasons for hospitalization. Factors associated with any hospitalization were lower income level, a history of stroke, heart failure, AF, diabetes, malignancy, chronic renal failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, longer length of stay, postoperative AF and stroke.CONCLUSIONS: Within 1-year post-CABG, 40{\%} of patients had at least 1 hospitalization, and approximately 70{\%} of all hospitalizations were attributed to a cardiovascular cause. Lower socioeconomic status, preoperative comorbidities, postoperative complications during index admission and a longer length of stay were associated with hospitalization.",
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Burden and causes for hospitalizations following coronary artery bypass grafting : a nationwide cohort study. / Butt, Jawad H; Olsen, Peter Skov; Torp-Pedersen, Christian; Gislason, Gunnar H; Køber, Lars; Fosbøl, Emil L.

I: European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, 10.01.2019.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Burden and causes for hospitalizations following coronary artery bypass grafting

T2 - a nationwide cohort study

AU - Butt, Jawad H

AU - Olsen, Peter Skov

AU - Torp-Pedersen, Christian

AU - Gislason, Gunnar H

AU - Køber, Lars

AU - Fosbøl, Emil L

PY - 2019/1/10

Y1 - 2019/1/10

N2 - OBJECTIVES: Hospitalizations are a major burden for both patients and society and are potentially preventable. However, data on the burden and causes for hospitalizations after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) are sparse. We examined hospitalizations within 1 year after CABG and associated factors.METHODS: Using the Danish nationwide registries, we identified 36 475 patients who underwent first-time isolated CABG (1998-2014) and were discharged alive. Subsequent hospitalizations were classified as cardiovascular or non-cardiovascular according to discharge diagnosis codes. Factors associated with any hospitalization were identified using the Cox regression.RESULTS: Thirty-day hospitalization risks for all-cause, cardiovascular and non-cardiovascular reasons were 16.7%, 12.4% and 4.2%, respectively. The corresponding 1-year hospitalization risks were 40.2%, 28.6% and 11.5%. Among patients who survived the first year, 7877 (22.1%) patients were admitted once, 3198 (9.0%) patients were admitted twice and 2844 (8.0%) patients were admitted 3 or more times within the first year. Ischaemic heart disease (15.6%), angina pectoris (9.8%), atrial fibrillation (AF) (8.7%) and heart failure (8.0%) were the most frequent reasons for hospitalization. Factors associated with any hospitalization were lower income level, a history of stroke, heart failure, AF, diabetes, malignancy, chronic renal failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, longer length of stay, postoperative AF and stroke.CONCLUSIONS: Within 1-year post-CABG, 40% of patients had at least 1 hospitalization, and approximately 70% of all hospitalizations were attributed to a cardiovascular cause. Lower socioeconomic status, preoperative comorbidities, postoperative complications during index admission and a longer length of stay were associated with hospitalization.

AB - OBJECTIVES: Hospitalizations are a major burden for both patients and society and are potentially preventable. However, data on the burden and causes for hospitalizations after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) are sparse. We examined hospitalizations within 1 year after CABG and associated factors.METHODS: Using the Danish nationwide registries, we identified 36 475 patients who underwent first-time isolated CABG (1998-2014) and were discharged alive. Subsequent hospitalizations were classified as cardiovascular or non-cardiovascular according to discharge diagnosis codes. Factors associated with any hospitalization were identified using the Cox regression.RESULTS: Thirty-day hospitalization risks for all-cause, cardiovascular and non-cardiovascular reasons were 16.7%, 12.4% and 4.2%, respectively. The corresponding 1-year hospitalization risks were 40.2%, 28.6% and 11.5%. Among patients who survived the first year, 7877 (22.1%) patients were admitted once, 3198 (9.0%) patients were admitted twice and 2844 (8.0%) patients were admitted 3 or more times within the first year. Ischaemic heart disease (15.6%), angina pectoris (9.8%), atrial fibrillation (AF) (8.7%) and heart failure (8.0%) were the most frequent reasons for hospitalization. Factors associated with any hospitalization were lower income level, a history of stroke, heart failure, AF, diabetes, malignancy, chronic renal failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, longer length of stay, postoperative AF and stroke.CONCLUSIONS: Within 1-year post-CABG, 40% of patients had at least 1 hospitalization, and approximately 70% of all hospitalizations were attributed to a cardiovascular cause. Lower socioeconomic status, preoperative comorbidities, postoperative complications during index admission and a longer length of stay were associated with hospitalization.

U2 - 10.1093/ejcts/ezy418

DO - 10.1093/ejcts/ezy418

M3 - Journal article

JO - European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery

JF - European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery

SN - 1010-7940

ER -