Characterization of biochar produced from sewage sludge and its potential use as a substrate and plant growth improver

Dennis Severin Hansen, Ariel E. Turcios, Anna-Marie Klamt, Christian Wieth, Kasper Reitzel, Mette Hedegaard Thomsen, Jutta Papenbrock*

*Kontaktforfatter

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

3 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstract

Biochar is a product rich in carbon produced by pyrolysis of different kinds of biomass and it modifies the physical, chemical, and biological properties of soil. In this study, biochar, produced at different pyrolysis temperatures (590 ◦C, 665 ◦C, and 765 ◦C), was physico-chemically characterized. It was explored whether biochar made from sewage sludge can become an alternative solution for future water and phosphorus management in agricultural production. A pot experiment was conducted using Chinese cabbage (Brassica rapa subsp. pekinensis) to investigate the effect of applying different biochars to the substrate, taking into account different growth parameters and the biochemical composition of the plants, as well as the physico-chemical properties of the substrate. According to the results, pyrolysis temperature influences the content of elements in biochar and their availability to plants, with total phosphorus contents in biochar ranging from 4.6% to 4.9%. In addition, applying biochar to the substrate significantly increases the volumetric water content up to 4.5 fold more compared to the control, which indicates a promising application in drought stress conditions and, at the same time, is a source of nutrients and can help to reduce the amount of mineral fertilizer application.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer119271
TidsskriftJournal of Environmental Management
Vol/bind348
Antal sider13
ISSN0301-4797
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 15 dec. 2023

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