Classification of error-related potentials from single-trial EEG in association with executed and imagined movements: a feature and classifier investigation

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Abstrakt

Error-related potentials (ErrPs) have been proposed for designing adaptive brain–computer interfaces (BCIs). Therefore, ErrPs must be decoded. The aim of this study was to evaluate ErrP decoding using combinations of different feature types and classifiers in BCI paradigms involving motor execution (ME) and imagination (MI). Fifteen healthy subjects performed 510 (ME) and 390 (MI) trials of right/left wrist extensions and foot dorsiflexions. Sham BCI feedback was delivered with an accuracy of 80% (ME) and 70% (MI). Continuous EEG was recorded and divided into ErrP and NonErrP epochs. Temporal, spectral, and discrete wavelet transform (DWT) marginals and template matching features were extracted, and all combinations of feature types were classified using linear discriminant analysis, support vector machine, and random forest classifiers. ErrPs were elicited for both ME and MI paradigms, and the average classification accuracies were significantly higher than the chance level. The highest average classification accuracy was obtained using temporal features and a combination of temporal + DWT features classified with random forest; 89 ± 9% and 83 ± 9% for ME and MI, respectively. These results generally indicate that temporal features should be used when detecting ErrPs, but there is great inter-subject variability, which means that user-specific features should be derived to maximize the performance. [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftMedical & Biological Engineering & Computing
ISSN0140-0118
DOI
StatusAccepteret/In press - 2020

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