This paper investigates a control strategy for a wind farm with the direct-driven permanent-magnet synchronous generators (PMSG)-based wind turbines and the fixed speed induction generators (FSIG)-based wind turbines under unbalanced grid voltage condition. By controlling the PMSG-based wind farm to inject negative-sequence current for decreasing voltage unbalance factor (VUF) at point of common coupling (PCC), the double grid frequency oscillations in electromagnetic torque, active and reactive power output from the FSIG-based wind farm can be suppressed. In this paper, the maximum amplitude of the negative-sequence current provided by the PMSG-based wind farm under different average active power output and different VUF conditions is deduced, and the impacts of its phase angle on the VUF mitigation control effect are further studied. The improved control strategy of injecting negative-sequence current from the PMSG-based wind farm by the modified negative-sequence voltage and current double closed-loop control system is then developed. Finally, the correctness of theoretical analysis and the effectiveness of the proposed control strategy are validated by the experimental results.
Zeng, X., Yao, J., Chen, Z., Hu, W., Chen, Z., & Zhou, T. (2016). Co-ordinated Control Strategy for Hybrid Wind Farms with PMSG and FSIG under Unbalanced Grid Voltage Condition. I E E E Transactions on Sustainable Energy, 7(3), 1100-1110. https://doi.org/10.1109/TSTE.2016.2527041