Constructing victims and criminals through the racial figure of ‘the gypsy’

Publikation: Bidrag til bog/antologi/rapport/konference proceedingBidrag til bog/antologiForskningpeer review


Danish state anti-trafficking efforts have grown rapidly since 2002. From 2007, the Danish state has not only focused on victims in the sex industry; it has also paid attention to the formal labour market, setting out to identify labour migrants from East and Central Europe. The chapter explores how the racialized ‘Other’ male European is established through the intersection of nationality and mobility articulated as ‘the gypsy’. The chapter argues that the racialized European historical figure of ‘the Gypsy’ reflects a strong symbol on who belong and who does not belong in the European states representing the west. To show how this construction occurs, this chapter analyses the narratives of Romanian male migrants describing their encounter with the Danish authorities. Focusing on the close entanglement of the empirical categorizations of ‘the victim’ and ‘the criminal’ during the identification process of CEE victims of human trafficking, the chapter analyzes the nexus of human trafficking, racialization and racism by asking: What kind of racialized victim and criminal representations do CEE migrant workers experience within the field of anti-trafficking? And how do these racialized representations stem from institutional racism?
TitelWhite Supremacy, Racism, and the Coloniality of Anti-Trafficking
RedaktørerKamala Kempadoo, Elena Shih
StatusAccepteret/In press - 2022


Dyk ned i forskningsemnerne om 'Constructing victims and criminals through the racial figure of ‘the gypsy’'. Sammen danner de et unikt fingeraftryk.