Converging from branching to linear metrics on Markov chains

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Abstrakt

We study two well known linear-time metrics on Markov chains (MCs), namely, the strong and strutter trace distances. Our interest in these metrics is motivated by their relation to the probabilistic LTL-model checking problem: we prove that they correspond to the maximal differences in the probability of satisfying the same LTL and LTL-X (LTL without next operator) formulas, respectively.

The threshold problem for these distances (whether their value exceeds a given threshold) is NP-hard and not known to be decidable. Nevertheless, we provide an approximation schema where each lower and upper-approximant is computable in polynomial time in the size of the MC.

The upper-approximants are bisimilarity-like pseudometrics (hence, branching-time distances) that converge point-wise to the linear-time metrics. This convergence is interesting in itself, because it reveals a nontrivial relation between branching and linear-time metric-based semantics that does not hold in equivalence-based semantics.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftMathematical Structures in Computer Science
Vol/bind29
Udgave nummerSpecial Issue 1
Sider (fra-til)3-37
Antal sider35
ISSN0960-1295
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jan. 2019

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