Cooling supply with a new type of evacuated solar collectors: a techno-economic optimization and analysis

Mavd P. R. Teles, Meisam Sadi, Kamal A. R. Ismail, Ahmad Arabkoohsar*, Brenda V. F. Silva, Hadi Kargarsharifabad, Shahin Shoeibi

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Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

1 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstract

Renewable cooling via absorption chillers being supplied by various green heat technologies such as solar collectors has been widely studied in the literature, but it is still challenging to get positive economic outcomes from such systems due to the large expenses of solar thermal systems. This study offers the use of a new generation of solar collectors, so-called eccentric reflective solar collectors, for driving single-effect absorption chillers and thereby reducing the levelized cost of cooling. This article develops the most optimal design of this system (based on several different scenarios) using multi-objective optimization techniques and employs them for a case study in Brazil to assess its proficiency compared to conventional solar-driven cooling methods. For making the benchmarking analyses fair, the conventional system is also rigorously optimized in terms of design and operation features. The results show that the eccentric solar collector would enhance the cost-effectiveness by 29%. In addition, using optimally sized storage units would be necessary to get acceptable economic performance from the system, no matter which collector type is used. For the case study, at the optimal sizing and operating conditions, the levelized cost of cooling will be 124 USD/MWh and an emission level of 18.97 kgCO2/MWh.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research
Vol/bind31
Udgave nummer12
Sider (fra-til)18171-18187
Antal sider17
ISSN0944-1344
DOI
StatusUdgivet - mar. 2024

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