Coverage and Capacity Analysis of Sigfox, LoRa, GPRS, and NB-IoT

Benny Vejlgaard, Mads Lauridsen, Huan Cong Nguyen, István Kovács, Preben Elgaard Mogensen, Mads Sørensen

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Resumé

In this paper the coverage and capacity of SigFox, LoRa, GPRS, and NB-IoT is compared using a real site deployment covering 8000 km2 in Northern Denmark. Using the existing Telenor cellular site grid it is shown that the four technologies have more than 99 % outdoor coverage, while GPRS is challenged for indoor coverage. Furthermore, the study analyzes the capacity of the four technologies assuming a traffic growth from 1 to 10 IoT device per user. The conclusion is that the 95 %-tile uplink failure rate for outdoor users is below 5 % for all technologies. For indoor users only NB-IoT provides uplink and downlink connectivity with less than 5 % failure rate, while SigFox is able to provide an unacknowledged uplink data service with about 12 % failure rate. Both GPRS and LoRa struggle to provide sufficient indoor coverage and capacity.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
Titel2017 IEEE 85th Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC Spring)
Antal sider5
ForlagIEEE
Publikationsdatojun. 2017
ISBN (Elektronisk)978-1-5090-5932-4
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jun. 2017
BegivenhedIEEE 85th Vehicular Technology Conference Spring 2017 - Sydney, Australien
Varighed: 4 jun. 20177 jun. 2017
http://ieeevtc.org/vtc2017spring/

Konference

KonferenceIEEE 85th Vehicular Technology Conference Spring 2017
LandAustralien
BySydney
Periode04/06/201707/06/2017
Internetadresse
NavnI E E E V T S Vehicular Technology Conference. Proceedings
ISSN1550-2252

Citer dette

Vejlgaard, B., Lauridsen, M., Nguyen, H. C., Kovács, I., Mogensen, P. E., & Sørensen, M. (2017). Coverage and Capacity Analysis of Sigfox, LoRa, GPRS, and NB-IoT. I 2017 IEEE 85th Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC Spring) IEEE. I E E E V T S Vehicular Technology Conference. Proceedings https://doi.org/10.1109/VTCSpring.2017.8108666
Vejlgaard, Benny ; Lauridsen, Mads ; Nguyen, Huan Cong ; Kovács, István ; Mogensen, Preben Elgaard ; Sørensen, Mads. / Coverage and Capacity Analysis of Sigfox, LoRa, GPRS, and NB-IoT. 2017 IEEE 85th Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC Spring). IEEE, 2017. (I E E E V T S Vehicular Technology Conference. Proceedings).
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title = "Coverage and Capacity Analysis of Sigfox, LoRa, GPRS, and NB-IoT",
abstract = "In this paper the coverage and capacity of SigFox, LoRa, GPRS, and NB-IoT is compared using a real site deployment covering 8000 km2 in Northern Denmark. Using the existing Telenor cellular site grid it is shown that the four technologies have more than 99 {\%} outdoor coverage, while GPRS is challenged for indoor coverage. Furthermore, the study analyzes the capacity of the four technologies assuming a traffic growth from 1 to 10 IoT device per user. The conclusion is that the 95 {\%}-tile uplink failure rate for outdoor users is below 5 {\%} for all technologies. For indoor users only NB-IoT provides uplink and downlink connectivity with less than 5 {\%} failure rate, while SigFox is able to provide an unacknowledged uplink data service with about 12 {\%} failure rate. Both GPRS and LoRa struggle to provide sufficient indoor coverage and capacity.",
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Vejlgaard, B, Lauridsen, M, Nguyen, HC, Kovács, I, Mogensen, PE & Sørensen, M 2017, Coverage and Capacity Analysis of Sigfox, LoRa, GPRS, and NB-IoT. i 2017 IEEE 85th Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC Spring). IEEE, I E E E V T S Vehicular Technology Conference. Proceedings, IEEE 85th Vehicular Technology Conference Spring 2017, Sydney, Australien, 04/06/2017. https://doi.org/10.1109/VTCSpring.2017.8108666

Coverage and Capacity Analysis of Sigfox, LoRa, GPRS, and NB-IoT. / Vejlgaard, Benny; Lauridsen, Mads; Nguyen, Huan Cong; Kovács, István; Mogensen, Preben Elgaard; Sørensen, Mads.

2017 IEEE 85th Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC Spring). IEEE, 2017.

Publikation: Bidrag til bog/antologi/rapport/konference proceedingKonferenceartikel i proceedingForskningpeer review

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AB - In this paper the coverage and capacity of SigFox, LoRa, GPRS, and NB-IoT is compared using a real site deployment covering 8000 km2 in Northern Denmark. Using the existing Telenor cellular site grid it is shown that the four technologies have more than 99 % outdoor coverage, while GPRS is challenged for indoor coverage. Furthermore, the study analyzes the capacity of the four technologies assuming a traffic growth from 1 to 10 IoT device per user. The conclusion is that the 95 %-tile uplink failure rate for outdoor users is below 5 % for all technologies. For indoor users only NB-IoT provides uplink and downlink connectivity with less than 5 % failure rate, while SigFox is able to provide an unacknowledged uplink data service with about 12 % failure rate. Both GPRS and LoRa struggle to provide sufficient indoor coverage and capacity.

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Vejlgaard B, Lauridsen M, Nguyen HC, Kovács I, Mogensen PE, Sørensen M. Coverage and Capacity Analysis of Sigfox, LoRa, GPRS, and NB-IoT. I 2017 IEEE 85th Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC Spring). IEEE. 2017. (I E E E V T S Vehicular Technology Conference. Proceedings). https://doi.org/10.1109/VTCSpring.2017.8108666