DC protection coordination for multi-terminal HB-MMC-based HVDC grids

Seyed Hassan Ashrafi Niaki, Zhe Chen, Birgitte Bak-Jensen, Kamran Sharifabadi, Zhou Liu, Shuju Hu

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Abstract

Fast progress of High Voltage Direct Current (HVDC) technology has been considerable over the past decades. Emerging Modular Multilevel Converter (MMC) provides power systems with promising solutions to integrate large-scale renewable energy sources, as well as multiple asynchronous power grids. Consequently, implementation of a multi-terminal HVDC transmission system has been easier using MMC converters. However, protection of multi-terminal MMC-based HVDC grids under DC fault conditions is a challenge for the industry. This study sheds light on concept of system-level DC protection coordination for multi-terminal HVDC grids. Although, there are different protection methods for HVDC transmission systems including multi-terminal ones, there are no well-defined protection coordination strategies for transmission links protection and belonging HVDC converters under DC fault conditions. The proposed protection coordination prevents unnecessary tripping of MMCs in the multi-area HVDC grids and supports the system with minimum effect on healthy parts. For the first time, different HVDC Converter Tripping (HCT) profiles are presented based on a fully selective protection strategy and their characteristics are discussed comprehensively. Simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed strategy for multi-terminal MMC-based HVDC grids. The proposed coordination can be applied to DC grid code requirements of meshed HVDC grids in the future.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftIET Renewable Power Generation
Vol/bind18
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)187-199
Antal sider13
ISSN1752-1416
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 3 feb. 2024

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