BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to examine the association between the type of preceding oral anticoagulant use (warfarin or direct oral anticoagulants [DOACs]) and in-hospital mortality among patients admitted with gastrointestinal bleeding.
METHODS: In this observational cohort study, all patients admitted with a first-time gastrointestinal bleeding from January 2011 to March 2017 while receiving any oral anticoagulant therapy prior to admission were identified using data from Danish nationwide registries. The risk of in-hospital mortality according to type of oral anticoagulation therapy was examined by multivariable logistic regression models.
RESULTS: Among 5,774 patients admitted with gastrointestinal bleeding (median age, 78 years [25th-75th percentile, 71-85 years]; 56.8% men), 2,038 (35.3%) were receiving DOACs and 3,736 (64.7%) were receiving warfarin prior to admission. The unadjusted in-hospital mortality rates were 7.5% for DOAC (7.2% for dabigatran, 6.4% for rivaroxaban, and 10.1% for apixaban) and 6.5% for warfarin. After adjustment for baseline demographic and clinical characteristics, there was no statistically significant difference in in-hospital mortality between prior use of any DOAC and warfarin (unadjusted odds ratio [OR] 1.18 [95% CI 0.95-1.45], adjusted OR 0.97 [95% CI 0.77-1.24]). Similar results were found for each individual DOAC as compared with warfarin (dabigatran: unadjusted OR 1.12 [95% CI 0.84-1.49], adjusted OR 0.96 [95% CI 0.71-1.30]); rivaroxaban: unadjusted OR 0.98 [95% CI 0.71-1.37], adjusted OR 0.84 [95% CI 0.59-1.21]; and apixaban: unadjusted OR 1.62 [95% CI 0.84-1.49], adjusted OR 1.22 [95% CI 0.83-1.79]).
CONCLUSIONS: Among patients admitted with gastrointestinal bleeding, there was no statistically significant difference in in-hospital mortality between prior use of DOAC and warfarin.