Do preventive child examinations in general practice reduce the risk of overweight and obesity?

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftKonferenceabstrakt i tidsskriftForskningpeer review

Abstract

The prevalence of children with overweight and obesity is increasing. General practitioners in Denmark follow children throughout early childhood via the preventive child health examinations. These examinations are offered to all children from birth to the age of five. Thus, the general practitioners have a unique opportunity for early tracing and identification of overweight and obesity, but the impact of the examinations are not examined. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the association between attending preventive child health examinations and the risk of overweight and obesity at the age of six both for the total pediatric population and within groups of vulnerable children such as children of parents with low educational level or low household income.A population-based birth cohort study was conducted including all Danish children born from 2000-2012 using the Danish nationwide registers. Data included information on child participation in preventive health examinations at general practice, height and weight at the age of six, and parental information on socioeconomic factors.The analyses included 801,444 children. Attending preventive child health examinations were not associated with a lower risk of overweight at the age of six. A lower risk of obesity was seen in children attending the examinations, both in the general population (RR 0.71, 95% CI 0.66-0.76) and within vulnerable groups (low level of maternal education: RR 0.80, 95% CI 0.72-0.89), low household income (RR 0.79, 95% CI 0.72-0.87). The risk of obesity was greater in the vulnerable groups than in the not-vulnerable groups.Attending preventive child health examinations were associated with a lower risk of obesity at the age of six, but not overweight. This was seen for both the general pediatric population and within vulnerable groups. The lowest risk of obesity was seen in the not-vulnerable groups.• The results indicated that attending preventive child health examinations in general practice reduced the risk of obesity at the age of six, but not the risk of overweight.• The lowest risk of obesity was seen in the not-vulnerable groups attending the preventive child health examinations in general practice.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummerckac129.050
TidsskriftEuropean Journal of Public Health
Vol/bind32
Udgave nummerSuppl. 3
Sider (fra-til)iii24-iii25
ISSN1101-1262
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2022
Begivenhed15th European Public Health Conference: Strengthening health systems: improving population health and being prepared for the unexpected - Berlin, Tyskland
Varighed: 9 nov. 202212 nov. 2022
Konferencens nummer: 15
https://ephconference.eu/Berlin-2022-290

Konference

Konference15th European Public Health Conference
Nummer15
Land/OmrådeTyskland
ByBerlin
Periode09/11/202212/11/2022
Internetadresse

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