Methods: Fifty adolescents with T1D and 20 healthy adolescents were examined with a wireless motility capsule to assess the total and regional GI transit times and motility index. GI symptoms were evaluated with the GI Symptom Rating Scale questionnaire. AN was evaluated with cardiovascular and quantitative sudomotor axon reflex tests.
Results: There was no difference in GI transit times in adolescents with T1D and healthy controls. Adolescents with T1D had a higher colonic motility index and peak pressure than the controls, and GI symptoms were associated with low gastric and colonic motility index (all p < 0.05). Abnormal gastric motility was associated with the duration of T1D, while a low colonic motility index was inversely associated with "time in target range" for blood glucose (all p < 0.01). No associations were found between signs of GI neuropathy and other measures of AN.
Conclusions: Objective signs of GI neuropathy are common in adolescents with T1D and it seems to require early interventions in patients at high risk of developing GI neuropathy.