Eating disorder symptomatology among transgender individuals: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Sofie M. Rasmussen*, Martin K. Dalgaard, Mia Roloff, Mette Pinholt, Conni Skrubbeltrang, Loa Clausen, Gry Kjaersdam Telléus

*Kontaktforfatter

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftReview (oversigtsartikel)peer review

8 Citationer (Scopus)
73 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Objective
The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to synthesize the literature on eating disorders and eating disorder symptomatology among transgender individuals and to summarize the existing literature on gender-affirming treatment and the prevalence of eating disorder symptomatology.

Method
The literature search for this systematic review and meta-analysis was performed in PubMed, Embase.com, and Ovid APA PsycInfo. We searched for “eating disorders” and “transgender” using both controlled vocabularies and natural language terms for their synonyms. The PRISMA statement guidelines were followed. Quantitative data from studies on transgender individuals and eating disorders assessed with relevant assessment tools was included.

Results
Twenty-four studies were included for the qualitative synthesis, and 14 studies were included in the meta-analysis. The results revealed higher levels of eating disorder symptomatology among transgender individuals compared with cisgender individuals, especially cisgender men. Transgender men tend to display higher levels of eating disorder symptomatology than transgender women; however, transgender women seem to have higher levels of eating disorder symptomatology than cisgender men and, interestingly, this study also noted a trend toward transgender men having higher levels of eating disorders than cisgender women. Gender-affirming treatment seems to alleviate the presence of eating disorder symptomatology in transgender individuals.

Discussion
The body of research on this subject is extremely limited, and transgender individuals are underrepresented in the eating disorder literature. More research investigating eating disorders and eating disorder symptomatology in transgender individuals and the relationship between gender-affirming treatment and eating disorder symptomatology is needed.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer84
TidsskriftJournal of Eating Disorders
Vol/bind11
ISSN2050-2974
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 26 maj 2023

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© 2023. The Author(s).

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