Electrochemical Impedance Parameter Extraction for Online Control of Reformed Methanol High Temperature PEM Fuel Cells

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Abstrakt

This work focuses towards online control strategy for detecting fuel and oxidant starvation and predicting an optimal stoichiometry for operation under different fuel compositions using the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) parameter extraction method. The tests involve three fuel compositions, namely dry hydrogen, dry reformate (,, and) and wet reformate (,, and). The characterization of anode and cathode stoichiometry (both low and high) is carried out with each fuel composition by measuring electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and current–voltage (IV) curves. The results suggest positive effects of humidified gas on the fuel cell stack performance. The changes in the mass transport resistance due to excess gas or gas starvation both on the anode and cathode could only be deduced using the EIS method. Online EIS measurement seems useful in deducing the optimal stoichiometry as the IV curves are unable to show the changes in the mass transport. Thus, to operate the fuel cell stack under an optimal fuel and oxidant utilization, an online EIS with parameter extraction algorithm can be helpful. This would ensure a better fuel and oxidant utilization and improve the system efficiency.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TitelELECTRIMACS 2019 : Selected Papers - Volume 1
RedaktørerWalter Zamboni, Giovanni Petrone
Antal sider9
Vol/bind1
ForlagSpringer
Publikationsdatojan. 2020
Sider395-403
ISBN (Trykt)978-3-030-37160-9
ISBN (Elektronisk)978-3-030-37161-6
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jan. 2020
Begivenhed13th International Conference of the IMACS TC1 Committee, ELECTRIMACS 2019 - Salerno, Italien
Varighed: 21 maj 201923 maj 2019

Konference

Konference13th International Conference of the IMACS TC1 Committee, ELECTRIMACS 2019
LandItalien
BySalerno
Periode21/05/201923/05/2019
NavnLecture Notes in Electrical Engineering
Vol/bind604
ISSN1876-1100

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  • Citationsformater

    Thomas, S., Araya, S. S., Sahlin, S. L., & Kær, S. K. (2020). Electrochemical Impedance Parameter Extraction for Online Control of Reformed Methanol High Temperature PEM Fuel Cells. I W. Zamboni, & G. Petrone (red.), ELECTRIMACS 2019: Selected Papers - Volume 1 (Bind 1, s. 395-403). Springer. Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering, Bind. 604 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-37161-6_30