Evaluation of In2Care mosquito stations for suppression of the Australian backyard mosquito, Aedes notoscriptus (Diptera: Culicidae)

Véronique Paris*, Nicholas Bell, Thomas L. Schmidt, Nancy M. Endersby-Harshman, Ary A. Hoffmann

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Abstract

Aedes notoscriptus (Skuse) is a container-inhabiting mosquito endemic to Australia that vectors arboviruses and is suspected to transmit Mycobacterium ulcerans, the cause of Buruli ulcer. We evaluated the effectiveness of the In2Care station, which suppresses mosquito populations via the entomopathogenic fungus, Beauveria bassiana, and the insect growth regulator pyriproxyfen, the latter of which is autodisseminated among larval habitats by contaminated mosquitoes. A field trial was conducted using 110 In2Care stations in a 50,000 m2 area and results were compared to 4 control areas that did not receive the treatment. Efficacy was evaluated by comparing egg counts and measuring larvicidal impact in surrounding breeding sites. Laboratory experiments validated the effect of B. bassiana on adult survival. Results of this field trial indicate that, 6 wk after the In2Care stations were deployed, treatment site ovitraps contained 43% fewer eggs than control site ovitraps, and 33% fewer eggs after 10 wk, suggesting that the In2Care station was able to reduce the egg density of Ae. notoscriptus. Population reduction remained evident for up to 3 wk after In2Care stations were removed. Treatment site ovitraps had significantly fewer Ae. notoscriptus eclosing than control site ovitraps, confirming the pyriproxyfen autodissemination feature of the stations. An average reduction of 50% in adult eclosion was achieved. Exposure to B. bassiana resulted in four-times higher mortality among adult mosquitoes. Additionally, using fresh In2Care nettings led to an 88% decrease in average survival compared to 4-wk-old nettings. The use of In2Care stations has potential for suppressing Ae. notoscriptus egg density.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Medical Entomology
Vol/bind60
Udgave nummer5
Sider (fra-til)1061-1072
Antal sider12
ISSN0022-2585
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 12 sep. 2023

Bibliografisk note

© The Author(s) 2023. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America.

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